Previous: mundusNext: mundus#2


mundus, a, um, adj. [Sanscr. mund, purificari], clean, cleanly, nice, neat, elegant.

I. Lit. (class.; syn.: lautus, nitidus, purus): supellex, Hor. Ep. 1, 5, 7: caena, id. C. 3, 29, 14: ager, Gell. 19, 12, 8: mundissimum cubile desiderat (animal), Col. 7, 9, 14: jam intus mundissimumst, Plaut. Truc. 2, 7, 7.—Poet., with abl., = ornatus: Ostia munita est: idem loca navibus pulchris Munda facit, adorned, Enn. ap. Tert. p. 258 Müll. (Ann. v. 146 Vahl.).—

B. Transf.

1. Of mode of living, neat, fine, elegant, smart, genteel: cultus justo mundior, too elegant dress, Liv. 8, 15.— As subst.: mundus, i, m. (sc. homo), an elegant or nice person, Cic. Fin. 2, 8, 23.—

2. Of quality, not coarse, fine (post-class.): annonae, of wheat, Lampr. Alex. Sev. 42, 3: panis, id. ib. 37, 3.—

II. Trop.

A. Of speech, neat, fine, elegant (poet. and in postclass. prose): verba, Ov A. A. 3, 479: versus, quibus mundius nihil reperiri puto, Gell. 19, 9, 10: in Gallos mundius subtiliusque est, quam cum Gallis aut contra Gallos, id. 17, 2 med.

B. Subst.: mun-dum, i. n., only in the phrase: in mundo (esse or habere), in readiness (ante-class.): tibi vita seu mors in mundo est, Enn. ap. Charis. p. 181 P. (Ann. v. 457 Vahl.: in mundo pro palam et in expedito ac cito, Charis.): nempe habeo in mundo, Plaut. Pers. 1, 1, 46: mihi in mundo sunt virgae, id. As. 2, 1, 16; 2, 2, 50: nescio quid vero habeo in mundo, id. Stich. 3, 2, 23; id. Ps. 1, 5, 85 Ritschl.—

C. In eccl. Lat., morally pure, upright, free from sin: cor mundum crea in me, Deus, Vulg. Psa. 50, 12: beati mundo corde, id. Matt. 5, 8.—Hence, adv., in two forms (both, for the most part, anteand post-class.).—

a. mundē, cleanly, neatly, prettily: (copia) in suo quaeque loco sita munde, Plaut. Poen. 5, 4, 5: verrite aedes, spargite munde, Titin. ap. Charis. p. 183 P.: parum munde et parum decenter, Sen. Ep. 70, 20: munde facti versus, Gell. 10, 17, 2: quam mundissime purissimeque fiat, Cato, R. R. 66, 1.—

b. mun-dĭter, cleanly, neatly.

1. Lit.: cum sedulo munditer nos habeamus, Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 26.—

2. Trop., decently, with propriety: dicere, App. Mag. p. 296, 14.