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lācrĭma (archaic lacrŭma, not lacryma, lachryma; old form dacrĭma, freq. in Livius Andronicus, acc. to Paul. ex Fest. p. 68 Müll.; v. the letter D), ae, f. [dacru-ma, kindred with Gr. δάκρυ; Sanscr. asru for dasru; Goth. tah-ja; Engl. tear; Germ. Zaehre; cf. the Sanscr. root dans and Gr. δάκ-νω, to bite], a tear.

I. Lit.: meae in quem lacrumae guttatim cadunt, Enn. ap. Non. 116, 1 (Trag. v. 238 Vahl.): miserae, id. ib. (Trag. v. 168 id.): lacrimas effundere, Lucr. 1, 125: cito arescit lacrima, praesertim in alienis malis, Cic. Part. Or. 17, 57: lacrimas dare ignoto, to shed a tear, to weep for, Ov. M. 11, 720: lacrumas mi haec, quom video, eliciunt, quia, etc., Plaut. Trin. 2, 2, 13: ut mi excivisti lacrumas, id. Cist. 1, 1, 113: homini lacrumae cadunt quasi puero gaudio, tears fall from his eyes for joy, he sheds tears of joy, Ter. Ad. 4, 1, 20: lacrimis oculos suffusa nitentes, her brilliant eyes moistened with tears, Verg. A. 1, 228: neque prae lacrimis jam loqui possum, cannot speak for tears, Cic. Mil. 38, 105; cf. id. Planc. 41, 99: lacrimas non tenere, not withhold tears, not restrain them, id. Verr. 2, 5, 67, 172: tradere se lacrimis et tristitiae, id. Fam. 5, 14: lacrimis confici, id. ib. 14, 4: multis cum lacrimis obsecrare, Caes. B. G. 1, 20: manantibus prae gaudio lacrimis, shedding tears of joy, Curt. 7, 8, 5: lacrimis semper paratis, Juv. 6, 273: lacrumae confictae dolis, Ter. And. 3, 3, 26: diu cohibitae lacrimae prorumpunt, tears long restrained break forth, Plin. Ep. 3, 16: fatiscere in lacrimas, to dissolve in tears, Val. Fl. 3, 395: lacrumis opplet os totum sibi, Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 65: lacrimas effundere, to shed, Lucr. 1, 126; Cic. Planc. 42, 101: profundere, id. Font. 17, 38: fundere, Vulg. Jud. 14, 16: mittere, to let flow, Sen. Ep. 76, 20; but lacrimas mitte, away with tears, Ter. Ad. 3, 2, 27: lacrimae siccentur protinus, Juv. 16, 27: dare, Verg. A. 4, 370: ciere, to cause to flow, id. ib. 6, 468: movere, Quint. 4, 2, 77: commovere, Curt. 5, 5, 7: cohibere, Plin. Ep. 3, 16, 5: per lacrimas effundere bilem, Juv. 5, 159: ciere, Verg. A. 6, 468: lacrumas excussit mihi, forced from me, Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 115: quis talia fando temperet a lacrimis, Verg. A. 2, 6: abstersis lacrimis, Curt. 5, 5, 8: absterget Deus omnem lacrymam ab oculis, Vulg. Apoc. 7, 17.—Prov.: hinc illae lacrumae, Ter. And. 1, 1, 99; imitated by Cic. Cael. 25, 61, and Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 41; cf.: inde irae et lacrimae, Juv. 1, 168.—

II. Transf., a tear or gum-drop which exudes from plants: narcissi, Verg. G. 4, 160: arborum, Plin. 11, 6, 5, 14; 21, 5, 11, 24; vitium, id. 23 praef. 3, 3; Col. 10, 103.