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nundĭnus, a, um, adj. [novem-dies], of or belonging to nine days; hence, subst.

I. Nundĭna, ae, f. (sc. dea), the goddess who presided over the purification and naming of infants, which took place in the case of boys on the ninth and in that of girls on the eighth day after birth, Macr. S. 1, 16, 36.—

II. nundĭnae, ārum (sing. collat. form nundĭna, ae, Sid. Ep. 7, 5), f., the ninth day, i. e. the market-day, the weekly market; denoting the time, the place, and the business (on market-days the country people came into the city for the purpose of buying and selling, and of attending to public and religious affairs): nundinas feriatum diem esse voluerunt antiqui, ut rustici convenirent mercandi vendendique causā: eumque nefastum, ne, si liceret cum populo agi, interpellarentur nundinatores, Paul. ex Fest. p. 173 Müll.; cf.: Rutilius scribit, Romanos instituisse nundinas, ut octo quidem diebus in agris rustici opus facerent, nono autem die, intermisso rure, ad mercatum Legesque accipiendas Romam venirent, Macr. S. 1, 16, 34: annum ita diviserunt, ut nonis modo diebus urbanas res usurparent, reliquis VII. ut rura colerent, Varr. R. R. 2 praef. 1: erat in eo ipso loco nundinarum πανήγυρις, Cic. Att. 1, 14, 1: illi Capuam nundinas rusticorum, horreum Campani agri esse voluerunt, id. Agr. 2, 33, 89; Plin. 28, 2, 5, 28; 18, 3, 3, 13: farris pretium in trinis nundinis ad assem redegit, id. 18, 3, 4, 15.—

B. Trop., trade, traffic, sale: totius rei publicae nundinae, Cic. Phil. 5, 4, 11; cf.: vectigalium flagitiosissimae nundinae, id. ib. 2, 14, 35.—

III. nundĭnum, i, n., the markettime, for the most part only in the connection inter nundinum, the time between two nundinae, and trinum nundinum, the time of three nundinae, or at least seventeen days (reckoned from the first market-day to the third, inclusive; it was necessary that this period should expire before a bill could be put to the vote. Macr. S. 1, 16, 34): si nihil gustat inter nundinum, Lucil. ap. Non. 214, 28: quoties priscus homo ac rusticus Romanus inter nundinum barbam radebat, Varr. ib. 214, 30; 32: postquam comitia decemviris creandis in trinum nundinum indicta sunt, on the third market-day, Liv. 3, 35: rogatio sive non trino forte nundino promulgata sive non idoneo die, Quint. 2, 4, 35: quod in ceteris legibus trinum nundinum esse oportet, Cic. Dom. 16, 41: primo nundino, Lampr. Alex. Sev. 28.—

B. The duration of the consulship, under the emperors ( = two months), Vop. Tac. 9; Lampr. Alex. Sev. 43.