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post (form poste, Enn. An. 235; Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 131; id. Stich. 2, 2, 56), adv. and prep. [root pas-; Sanscr. pac-kas, behind; Gr. pu/matos (for po/smatos); Lat. pone, postremus].

I. Adv.

A. Of place, behind, back, backwards (class.): ante aut post, Liv. 22, 5, 8: servi, qui post erant, Cic. Mil. 10, 29: lacertis priora genua post curvantur, backwards, Plin. 11, 45, 102, 249: sed ubi periculum advenit, invidia atque superbia post fuere, remained behind, were forgotten, Sall. C. 23, 7: post minor est, i.e. shorter when seen from behind, Juv. 6, 504. —

B. Of time, afterwards, after: nunc et post semper, old poet in Plin. 35, 10, 37, 115.—

2. Ante ... post, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 20, 40 (Ann. v. 47 Vahl.): post duobus mensibus, Ter. Hec. 3, 3, 33: initio ... post autem, Cic. Fam. 7, 5; id. Dom. 55, 140; Sall. J. 55, 8: duxi probum, erravi, post cognovi, Enn. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 24, 38 (Trag. v. 160 Vahl.): multis post annis, many years after, Cic. Fl. 23, 56: paucis diebus post, Plaut. Men. prol. 36: multis annis post, id. ib. 5, 9, 72: biennio post, Cic. Brut. 91, 316: quam te post multis tueor tempestatibus? after how long a time? Pac. ap. Non. 414, 3: aliquanto post, some time after, shortly after, Cic. Caecin. 4, 11: post aliquanto, id. Or. 30, 107: paulo post valens, a little later, id. Fam. 16, 5, 2: post paulo, soon after, Caes. B. C. 1, 29: multo post quam, long after, Cic. Att. 12, 49; cf. Liv. 24, 3, 14 Weissenb.: post tanto, so long after, Verg. G. 3, 476: post non multo, not long afterwards, Nep. Paus. 3, 1: neque ita multo, and not very long afterwards, id. Cim. 3, 4.—With inde, deinde, and afterwards, and then: et post inde, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, 59 Müll. (Ann. v. 11 Vahl.): inde pedes et crura mori, post inde per artus, etc., Lucr. 3, 529: primum ... post deinde, Ter. And. 3, 2, 3; Nep. Eum. 5, 5.—

II. Prep. with acc., behind.

A. Of place: post me erat Aegina, ante Megara, Sulp. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 5, 4; Plaut. Ep. 2, 2, 52: post nostra castra, Caes. B. G. 2, 9: post tergum, id. ib. 7, 88: post carecta, Verg. E. 3, 20: post montem se occultare, Caes. B. G. 7, 83: post se alligare, Plin. 26, 9, 58, 91: post equitem sedet atra cura, Hor. C. 3, 1, 40.—

2. Trop., beneath, inferior to, less important than: neque erat Lydia post Chloen, Hor. C. 3, 9, 6: tantus erat ambitionis furor, ut nemo tibi post te videatur, si aliquis ante te fuerit, Sen. Ep. 104, 9: ut sua necessaria post illius honorem haberent, Sall. J. 73, 6; Plin. 33, 2, 8, 34.—

B. Of time, after, since: aliquot post menses, Cic. Rosc. Am. 44, 128: maxima post hominum memoriam classis, since the memory of man, Nep. Them. 5, 3: post M. Brutum proconsulem, after the proconsulate, Cic. Phil. 2, 38, 97.—So with part. constr.: post urbem conditam, since the city was founded, Cic. Cat. 4, 7, 14: post homines natos, id. Brut. 62, 224; id. Mil. 26, 69: sexennio post Veios captos, after the taking of Veii, id. Div. 1, 44, 100 al. —Put after the noun: hunc post, Cic. Tusc. 2, 6, 15.—With quam: decessit post annum quartum quam expulsus fuerat, Nep. Arist. 3, 3; cf.: post annum quintum, quo expulsus erat, id. Cim. 3, 3: post id, post illa, after this, after that, afterwards: post id cum lassus fueris, Plaut. Cas. 1, 42: qui foret post illa natus, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 21, 42 (Trag. v. 67 Vahl.): eum numquam post illa vidi, Plaut. Curc. 4, 2, 43: post illa, Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 33: post haec deinde, then after this, and next, Col. 3, 4: post Hectora, Ov. M. 12, 607.—

C. Transf., besides, except: post sidera caeli sola Jovem Semele vidit, Calp. Ecl. 10, 22.