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tăberna, ae, f. [root ta (tan); Gr. tei/nw, perf. te/taka; cf.: tabula, tenus], a hut, shed, booth, stall, shop constructed of boards.

I. Hence, in gen., any slight structure used for a dwelling, a hut or cottage (very rare): tabernae appellatio declarat omne utile ad habitandum aedificium, non ex eo, quod tabulis cluditur, Dig. 50, 16, 183: pauperum tabernae, Hor. C. 1, 4, 13; so, obscurae, id. A. P. 229.—Of stalls in the circus: qui in circo totas tabernas tribulium causā compararunt, Cic. Mur. 35, 73.—

II. In partic.

A. Of a merchant, mechanic, taverner, etc., a booth, shop, workshop, stall, inn, tavern (class.): instructam ei medicinae exercendae causā tabernam dedit, Cic. Clu. 63, 178; cf.: instructam tabernam sic accipiemus, quae et rebus et hominibus ad negotiationem paratis constat, Dig. 50, 16, 185: taberna libraria, i. e. a bookseller's shop, Cic. Phil. 2, 9, 21; so simply taberna, Hor. S. 1, 4, 71; Mart. 1, 118, 10: vinaria, Varr. L. L. 8, 55 Müll.; cf. Hor. Ep. 1, 14, 24: cretaria, unguentaria, Varr. l. l.: casearia, Dig. 8, 5, 8, 5: argentaria, ib. 18, 1, 32; Liv. 26, 11, 7: purpuraria, Dig. 32, 1, 91: sutrina, Tac. A. 15, 34; cf.: ut Alfenus vafer omni Abjecto instrumento artis clausaque taberna Sutor erat, Hor. S. 1, 3, 131: Liparea, Vulcan's shop, Juv. 13, 45: deversoria, an inn, tavern, Plaut. Men. 2, 3, 81; id. Truc. 3, 2, 29; Varr. R. R. 1, 2, 23: cauponia, Dig. 33, 7, 13; cf.: cum in eandem tabernam devertissent, Cic. Inv. 2, 4, 14: occlusis tabernis, id. Cat. 4, 8, 17: concursare circum tabernas, id. ib.: occludere tabernas, id. Ac. 2, 47, 144: salax, Cat. 37, 1; cf. Prop. 4 (5), 8, 19: prope Cloacinae ad tabernas, Liv. 3, 48, 5: tabernam exercere, Dig. 33, 7, 15; Suet. Aug. 4: tabernam vel officinam conductam habuit, Dig. 5, 1, 19. —

B. Tres Tabernae, the Three Taverns, a place on the Appian Way, near Ulubrae and Forum Appii, Cic. Att. 1, 13, 1; 2, 10; 2, 12, 2; 2, 13, 1; Vulg. Act. 28, 15. —

C. A passage, archway in the circus, Cic. Mur. 35, 73. —

D. Poet.: quae colis Durrachium Adriae tabernam, the market, Cat. 36, 15.