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αἰχμ-ή, ἡ, (Aeol. αἴχμα AB1095) point of a spear, πάροιθε δὲ λάμπετο δουρὸς αἰ. χαλκείη Il.6.320; αἰ. ἔγχεος 16.315.

2. generally, point, of arrows, τοξουλκὸς αἰ. A.Pers.239; ἀγκίστρου, κεράων, Opp.H. 1.216, C.2.451.

II. spear, Il.12.45, etc.; δαμασίμβροτος αἰ. Pi.O. 9.79; πρὸς τὴν αἰχμὴν ἐτράπετο took to his spear, Hdt.3.78; αἰχμῇ εἷλε with the spear, i.e. in war, Id.5.94; otherwise rare in Prose, X.Cyr. 4.6.4.

b. metaph. of the trident of Poseidon, A.Pr.925.

2. body of spear-bearers, Pi.O.7.19, E.Heracl.276.

3. war, battle, κακῶς ἡ αἰ. ἑστήκεε the war went ill, Hdt.7.152; παρμένοντας αἰχμᾷ standing their ground in battle, Pi.P.8.40; θηρῶν with wild beasts, E.HF158.

4. metaph. of plague, sharpness, βρωτῆρας αἰ. A.Eu. 803.

III. warlike spirit, αἰ. νέων θάλλει Terp.6; θρέψε δ' αἰχμὰν Ἀμφιτρύωνος Pi.N.10.13; γυναικὸς αἰ. a woman's temper, A.Ag.483 (lyr.), cf. Ch.630 (lyr.; but perh. = rule, cf.Pr.406). (Cf. Lith. jiemas 'spit'.)