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ἐλέγχω, Od.21.424, etc.: fut. ἐλέγξω Ar.Nu.1043, etc.: aor. ἤλεγξα Il.9.522, etc.:—
Pass., fut. ἐλεγχθήσομαι Antipho 2.4.10, X.Mem.1.7.2: aor. ἠλέγχθην Antipho l.c., Pl.Grg.458a, etc.: pf. ἐλήλεγμαι Id.Lg.805c: 3sg. ἐλήλεγκται Antiphol.c. (ἐξ-ηλεγμένοι is f.l. in Lys. 6.44): plpf. ἐξ-ελήλεγκτο D.32.27:—
disgrace, put to shame, μῦθον ἐ. treat a speech with contempt, Il.9.522; ἐ. τινά put one to shame, Od. 21.424.—
This usage is only Ep.

II. cross-examine, question, Hdt.2.115, Pl.Ap.18d, etc.; μὴ 'λεγχε τὸν πονοῦντα A.Ch.919; φύλαξ ἐλέγχων φύλακα S.Ant.260; τί ταῦτ' ἄλλως ἐλέγχεις ; Id.OT333, cf. 783; ἔλεγχ', ἐλέγχου Ar.Ra.857; ἐ. τινὰ περί τινος Id.Pl.574; ἕνεκά τινος Antiph.207.10; τὰς ἀρχὰς βασάνοις χρώμενοι ἐλεγχόντων Pl. Lg.946c: c. acc. et inf., accuse one of doing, E.Alc.1058:—
Pass., to be convicted, Hdt.1.24,117; ἐλεγχόμενοι εἴ τι περιγένοιτο τῶν χρημάτων D.35.36, cf. Pl.Prt.331c, 331d: with part., ἐλεγχθεὶς διαφθείρας Antipho 2.3.9, cf. 2.4.10; ἐλεγχθήσεται γελοῖος ὤν X.Mem.1.7.2.

2. test, bring to the proof, ἀνδρῶν ἀρετὰν παγκρατὴς ἐλέγχει ἀλάθεια B.Fr. 10.2; πρᾶγμ' ἐ. A.Ag.1351 (Pass., τὸ πρᾶγμ' ἐλεγχθέν Ar.Ec.485); λόγον Pl.Sph.242b (Pass., Id.Tht.161e): with subject. clause, ἐ. τινά, εἰ .., A.Ch.851, Ar.Eq.1232.

3. prove, τοῦτο ἐ. ὡς ..Pl.Phdr.273b, cf. Sph.256c: abs., bring convincing proof, ὡς ἡ ἀνάγκη ἐ. Hdt.2.22; αὐτὸ τὸ ἔργον ἐ. Th.6.86; περί τινος D.21.5.

4. refute, confute, τινά or τι, Pl.Grg.470c, al., D.28.2, Luc.Nigr.4:—
Pass., Pl.Tht.162a; χρυσὸς κληῖδας ἐλέγχει proves that they avail not, AP5.216 (Paul. Sil.).

b. put right, correct, prove by a reductio ad impossibile, ὅσα ἔστιν ἀποδεῖξαι, ἔστι καὶ ἐλέγξαι τὸν θέμενον τὴν ἀντίφασιν τοῦ ἀληθοῦς Arist.SE 170a24; παράδοξα ἐ. Id.EN1146a23.

5. get the better of, στρατιὰν ὠκύτατι ἐ. Pi.P.11.49, cf. D.P.750, Him.Or.1.16.

6. expose, τινὰ ληροῦντα Pl.Tht.171d, cf. X.Mem.1.7.2, M.Ant.1.17; betray a weakness, Democr.222.

7. decide a dispute, ἀνὰ μέσον τῶν δύο LXX Ge. 31.37.