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ἔλεγχος (B), ὁ, argument of disproof or refutation, πολύδηρις ἔ. Parm. 1.36, cf. Pl.Phdr.276a; ὁ ἔ. συναγωγὴ τῶν ἀντικειμένων ἐστίν Arist.Rh. 1410a22, cf. 1396b26; ἔ. δὲ συλλογισμὸς μετ' ἀντιφάσεως τοῦ συμπεράσματος Id.SE165a2, cf.APr.66b11; ἐλέγχου ἄγνοια, ignoratio elenchi, Id.SE168a18; ὅταν ὑπὸ τῶν ἐ. πιέζωνται Phld.D.3.8.

II. generally, cross-examining, testing, scrutiny, esp. for purposes of refutation, οὐκ ἔχει ἔλεγχον does not admit of disproof, Hdt.2.23; τῶνδ' ἔλεγχον, abs., as a test of this, S.OT603; τὰ ψευδῆ ἔλεγχον ἔχει Th.3.53; ἔ. παραδοῦναί τινι to give him an opportunity of refuting, Pl.Phdr.273c; δόμεν τι βασάνῳ ἐς ἔ. to submit it to scrutiny, Pi.N.8.21; χρυσὸς νόθου ἀρετῆς ἔ. Com.Adesp.195; ἀρετῆς ἔ. δοῦναι a proof or test of it, And.1.150; ἔ. διδόναι τοῦ βίου to give an account of one's life, Pl.Ap.39c; οἱ ἔ. περὶ ὀρφανῶν Is.4.22; τὸ πρᾶγμα τὸν ἔ. δώσει D.4.15; ἔ. ποιεῖν τινός to test it, Ar.Ra.786; ἔ. ποιήσασθαι τῶν πεπραγμένων Antipho 1.7; ἔ. λαβεῖν τινός make trial of it, ib.12; ἐλέγχους ἀποδέχεσθαι to admit tests, Lys.19.6; ἐλέγχους προσφέρειν to allege them, Ar.Lys.484; διάπειρα βροτῶν ἔ. Pi.O.4.20; οὐδὲ ἔ. παρασχὼν οὐδὲ βάσανον Antipho 2.4.7; ἔ. διδόναι And.2.4; εἰς ἔ. πεσεῖν to be convicted, E.Hipp.1310, cf. HF 73; δεικνυμένων ἐ. Id.Heracl.905 (lyr.); οὔτ' εἰς ἔ. χειρὸς οὐδ' ἔργου μολών S.OC1297; εἰς ἔ. ἐξιέναι to proceed to the proof, put to the test, Id.Ph.98; or, to be put to the proof, Id.Fr.105; ἐξελθεῖν E.Alc.640; εἰς ἔ. ἰέναι περί τινος Pl.Phdr.278c; εἰς ἔ. ἔρχεσθαί τινος Philem.93.3; καταστῆναι εἰς ἔ. καὶ λόγον Isoc.12.150; ἔ. φεύγειν Antipho 5.38; οἱ περὶ Παυσανίαν ἔ. the evidence on which he was convicted, Th.1.135; πίστις πραγμάτων ἔ. οὐ βλεπομένων Ep.Hebr.11.1.

III. Ἔλεγχος personified, Men.545, Luc.Pseudol.4.

b. applied to Conscience, τὸ συνειδὸς ἔ. ἀδέκαστος Ph.1.236; ἔ. κατάλογον ποιεῖται τῶν ἁμαρτημάτων [τῆς ψυχῆς] ib.291.

IV. catalogue, inventory, Gloss., Suet. Gramm.8 (pl.).

V. drop-pearl, Plin.HN9.113, Juv.6.459.