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phôn-ê, hê, sound, tone, prop., the sound of the voice, whether of men or animals with lungs and throat (hê phônê psophos tis estin empsuchou Arist.de An.420b5, cf. 29, HA535a27, PA664b1); opp. phthongos (v. phthongos 11):

I. mostly of human beings, speech, voice, utterance, ph. arrêktos Il.2.490; ateirea ph. 17.555; ph. de hoi aither' hikanen, of Ajax' battle-cry, 15.686; of the battle-cry of an army, Trôôn kai Achaiôn ..ph. deinon aüsantôn 14.400: pl., of the cries of market-people, X.Cyr.1.2.3; ho tonos tês ph. Id.Cyn.6.20, D.18.280, Aeschin.3.209; oxeia, barutera, leia, tracheia ph., Pl.Ti.67b; ph. malakê Ar.Nu.979 (anap.); miara, anaidês, Id.Eq.218,638: with Verbs, phônên rhêxai Hdt.1.85, Ar.Nu.357 (anap.); ph. hienai Hdt.2.2, 4.23, Pl.Phdr.259d, etc.; ph. hêsei E.HF1295; proïesthai Aeschin.2.23; arthroun X.Mem.1.4.12; diarthrôsasthai Pl.Prt.322a; enteinasthai Aeschin.2.157; ph. eparei D.19.336; phônêi with his voice, aloud, Il.3.161, Pi.P.9.29; eipe têi phônêi ta aporrêta Lys.6.51; dia zôsês phônês Anon.Geog.Epit.1p.488M.; miai ph. with one voice, Luc. Nigr.14; apo phônês, c. gen., dictated by .., Choerob.in Thd.1.103 tit., Marin. in Euc.Dat.p.234 M., Olymp. in Grg.p.1 N., Pall. in Hp.2.1 D.: pl., hai ph. the notes of the voice, Pl.Grg.474e; schêmasi kai phônais Arist. Rh.1306a32: prov., phônêi horan, of a blind man, S.OC138 (anap.); pasan, to legomenon, ph. hienta, i.e. using every effort, Pl.Lg.890d, cf. Euthd.293a; pasas aphienai phônas Id.R.475a, D.18.195; phônas aprepeis proïento PTeb.802.15 (ii B. C.).

2. the cry of animals, as of swine, dogs, oxen, Od.10.239, 12.86,396; of asses, Hdt.4.129; of the nightingale, song, Od.19.521; anthrôpos pollas phônas aphiêsi, ta de alla mian Arist.Pr.895a4.

3. any articulate sound, opp. inarticulate noise (psophos), ph. kôkumatôn S.Ant.1206; hôsper phônês ousês kata ton aera pollakis kai logou en têi phônêi Plot.6.4.12: stoicheion esti ph. adiairetos Arist.Po.1456b22; also esp. of vowelsound, opp. to that of consonants, Pl.Tht.203b, Arist.HA535a32; in literary criticism, of sound, opp. meaning, Phld.Po.5.20 (pl.), 21.

4. of sounds made by inanimate objects, mostly Poet., kerkidos ph. S.Fr.595; suringôn E.Tr.127 (lyr.); aulôn Mnesim.4.56 (anap.); rare in early Prose, organôn phônai Pl.R.397a; freq. in LXX, hê ph. tês salpingos LXX Ex.20.18; ph. brontês ib. Ps.103(104).7; hê ph. autou hôs ph. hudatôn pollôn Apoc.1.15.

5. generally, sound, defined as aêr peplêgmenos, plêgê aeros, Zeno Stoic.1.21, Chrysipp.ib.2.43.

II. faculty of speech, discourse, ei phônên laboi S.El.548; paresche phônên tois aphônêtois tina Id.OC1283.

2. language, hdt.4.114, 117; ph. anthrôpêïê Id.2.55; agnôta ph. barbaron A.Ag.1051; phônên hêsomen Parnêsida Id.Ch.563, cf. E.Or.1397 (lyr.), Th.6.5, 7.57, X.Cyn.2.3, Pl.Ap.17d, etc.; tôn barbarôn prin mathein tên ph. Id.Tht.163b; kata tên Attikên tên palaian ph. Id.Cra. 398d, cf. 409e.

III. phrase, saying, tên Simônidou ph. Id.Prt. 341b; hê tou Sôkratous ph. Plu.2.106b, cf. 330f, etc.; of formulae, stoicheiômata kai ph. Epicur.Ep.1p.4U., cf. Sent.Vat.41 (= Metrod. Fr.59); hai skeptikai ph. S.E.P.1.14, cf. Jul.Or.5.162b, etc.

IV. report, rumour, LXXGe.45.16.

b. message, Sammelb.7252.21 (iii/iv A. D.).

V. loud talk, bragging, Epicur.Sent.Vat. 45.