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ἡγεμών, Dor. ἁγ-, Aeol. ἀγίμων IG12(2).164 (Mytil.), al., όνος, ὁ; also ἡ, Pi.I.8(7).22, A.Supp.722, Aeschin.1.171, X.Oec. (infr. 11):—
one who leads; and so,

I. in Od., guide, 10.505, 15.310, Hdt.5.14, S.Ant.1014, Pl.Men.97b; ἡγεμόνες γενέσθαι τινὶ τῆς ὁδοῦ Hdt.8.31, cf. E.Hec.281, X.Mem.1.3.4; ἡ. ποδὸς τυφλοῦ E.Ph.1616; ἡγεμόνες τοῦ πλοῦ Th.7.50; of a charioteer, S.OT804.

2. one who does a thing first, shows the way to others, τοῖς νεωτέροις ἡ. ἠθῶν χρηστῶν γίγνεσθαι Pl.Lg.670e; πατέρες τῆς σοφίας καὶ ἡ. Id.Ly.214a; πόνους τοῦ ζῆν ἡδέως ἡγεμόνας νομίζετε X.Cyr.1.5.12; τῆς εἰρήνης ἡ. D.18.24; [ἀχαριστία] ἐπὶ πάντα τὰ αἰσχρὰ ἡ. X.Cyr.1.2.7: abs., of choir-leaders, Mnemos.47.253 (Argos, ii/i B.C.).

II. in Il., leader, commander, chief, opp. λαοί, πληθύς, 2.365, 11.304: c. gen., ἡγεμόνες Δαναῶν, φυλάκων, etc., 2.487, 9.85, cf. Hdt.6.43, 7.62, al.; στρατηγὸς καὶ ἡ. τῶν 'Ελλήνων πρὸς τὸν βάρβαρον ib.158; ἡ. τῶν πολέμων Id.9.33; ἔχοντες ἡγεμόνας τῶν πάνυ [στρατηγῶν] Th.8.89; = λοχαγός, Arr.Tact. 5.6; ἡ. τῶν ἐν προχειρισμῷ PAmh.2.39 (ii B.C.); chief, sovereign, Pi.I. 8(7).22, etc.; ἡ. γῆς τῆσδε S.OT103, cf. OC289; πάντων ..καὶ αὐτοῦ βασιλέως ἡ. X.HG3.5.14; ἡ. συμμορίας D.21.157; of the queen-bee and queen-wasp, regarded by Arist. as males, Arist.HA553a25, 629a3 (but ἡ τῶν μελισσῶν ἡ. X.Oec.7.32, cf. 38); ὁ ἡ. τῶν προβάτων, of the bell-wether, Arist.HA573b24; τῶν βοῶν ib.575b1; νέμειν τὰ κρέα τοῦ ἡγεμόνος βοός SIG144.36 (Piraeus, iv B.C.), cf. X.HG6.4.29.

b. ἡ. χοροῦ leader of a chorus, Poll.4.106; παῖδες ἡ. IG7.3196 (Orchom. Boeot.); president of a gymnasium, ib.3.1086, al.

c. a Roman Emperor, Str.4.3.2, Plu.Cic.2, al.; as translation of princeps, Mon.Anc.Gr.7.9; ἡ. νεότητος, = Lat. princeps juventutis, ib.18; a provincial governor, Str.17.3.25, Ev.Matt.27.2, Act.Ap.23.24: freq. of the praefectus Aegypti, PRyl.119.4 (i A.D.), etc.; ἡ. ἀμφοτέρων, i.e. of Upper and Lower Egypt, POxy.39.6 (i A.D.); ἡ. Κύπρου Tab. Defix.Aud. 25.13 (iii A.D.).

2. as Adj., ἀνήρ Pl.Criti.119a; [ναῦς], of the flagship, A.Supp.722; ἡ. τῆς φυλῆς κορυφαῖος D.21.60 (s.v.l.); ἡ. πόδες Arist.HA490b5, IA713b32: as neut., ἡγεμόσι μέρεσι Pl.Ti. 91e.

III. in Prosody, = πυρρίχιος, D.H.Comp.17, Dem.47.

IV. ἡγεμόνες, Dor. ἁγ-, αἱ, in Architecture, coping-tiles of the roof, IG22.463.70, 1627.303, 4.1484.100 (Epid.).

V. a kind of fish, = ἡγητήρ 2, Plu.2.980f.