Previous: μηδάτεροςNext: μήδεια


μηδέ, (μή, δέ) neg. Particle (cf. οὐδέ):

A. as Conj., and not (Ep. also, but not), nor, connecting two whole clauses, used with the same constructions as μή, μή τι σὺ ταῦτα ..διείρεο μηδὲ μετάλλα Il.1.550, etc.: without a neg. preceding, 4.302, etc.; τεκνοῦσθαι, μηδ' ἄπαιδα θνῄσκειν A.Ag.754 (lyr.), cf. Eu.714, Supp.409; ὕδατος, μελίσσης, μηδὲ προσφέρειν μέθυ S.OC481, cf. Th.7.77.

2. in μηδέ ..μηδέ ..the first μ. may belong to μηδέ A, e.g. Il.4.303 sq., or to μηδέ B, e.g. Pl.R.391c; μήτε ..μηδέ Pi.I.2.45, Pl.Prt.327d; but μήτε cannot follow μηδέ:—
for μηδέ after οὐδέ, v. οὐ A.11.3.

B. as Adv., joined with a single word or phrase, not even, not either, Il.21.375, Od.4.710, etc.; repeated emphatically, μηδ' ὅντινα γαστέρι μήτηρ κοῦρον ἐόντα φέροι μηδ' ὃς φύγοι let not the babe unborn —
no let not even it escape, Il.6.58; τὸ μήποτ' αὖθις μηδ' ἀναστῆναι A. Ag.569:—
for μηδέ τι v. μήτις.