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πᾰ́θ-η, ἡ, passive state, Pl.Ti.80b; what is done or happens to a person orthing, opp. πρᾶξις, Id.Lg.903b, cf. Epin. 983d; τὰς ἐκεῖ ..π. what happened there, S.Aj.295; πᾶσαν τὴν ἑωντοῦ π. all that had happened to him, Hdt.1.122.

2. suffering, misfortune, Pi.P.3.42,97 (pl.), S.OC7, etc.; πάθαι, opp. εὐτυχίαι, Hdt.3.40; ἡ π. τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν blindness, Id.2.111; of morbid affections, τὰς π. τὰς ἐν τῷ ὀστέῳ γινομένας Hp.VC13; ἡ τοῦ πνίγους π. suffocation, Pl.Phlb. 32a, cf. Lg.728c, 865e, 866b.