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παράκειμαι, poet. πάρκειμαι Pi. (v. infr.): Ep. impf. παρεκέσκετο Od.14.521:—
used as Pass. to παρατίθημι, lie beside or before, ἔτι καὶ παρέκειτο τράπεζα Il.24.476; ὀϊστόν, ὅ οἱ παρέκειτο τραπέζῃ Od.21.416, cf. Pherecr. 108.17, Telecl.1.7, etc.; ἡ παρακειμένη τροφή Arist.HA599a25: generally, to be at hand, available, οἷα τέκτοσιν ἡμῖν ὕλη παράκειται Pl.Ti.69a; to be adjacent, c. dat., PTeb.74.56 (ii B. C.): metaph., ὑμῖν παράκειται ἐναντίον ἠὲ μάχεσθαι ἢ φεύγειν the choice is before you, to fight or flee, Od.22.65; ἔρδειν ..ἀμηχανίη παράκειται Thgn.685; ἅμα παρακεῖσθαι λύπας τε καὶ ἡδονάς lie side by side, Pl. Phlb.41d: freq. in part., Ἀί̈δᾳ παρακείμενος lying at death's door, S. Ph.861 (lyr.); παρκείμενον τέρας the present marvel, Pi.O.13.73; τὸ παρκείμενον the present, Id.N.3.75; ἱκανὰ τὰ κακὰ καὶ τὰ παρακείμενα Ar.Lys.1048; τὰ π. ὕδατα PTeb.61(b).132 (ii B. C.); τὰ π., also, dishes on table, Amphis 30.6; κλίνην ..παρακειμένην τε τὴν τράπεζαν Diod. Com.2.10; ἡ π. πύλη the nearest gate, Plb.7.16.5; ἐν μνήμῃ παρακείμενα things present in memory, Pl.Phlb.19d; under discussion, λόγος Phld.Sign.16; obvious, Id.Rh.1.3,6 S.; to be closely connected with, παράκεινται τῇ μαθηματικῇ θεωρίᾳ ἥ τε θεολογικὴ ἐπιστήμη καὶ ἡ φυσική lamb.Comm.Math.28.

b. in legal phrases, to be attached or appended, of documents, BGU889.15 (ii A. D.); to be noted, scheduled, PTeb.27.7 (ii B. C.); to be preserved in a register or archive, PSI5.454.18 (iv A. D.), etc.

2. press on, urge, c. dat., πυκνότερον ἡμῖν -κείμενοι LXX 3 Ma.7.3, cf. Plb.5.34.7.

3. metaph., lie prostrate, of absolute subjection, π. πρὸ προσώπου σου LXX Ju.3.3.

4. to be permissible, Hp.Dent.15.

II. in Gramm., etc.:

1. to be laid down, mentioned in text-books, τὰ σημεῖα οὐ παράκειται Philum. Ven.29; simply, to be cited, ἐκ τῶν Θεοφράστου Sch.Ar.Pl.720.

2. ὁ παρακείμενος (sc. χρόνος) the perfect tense, A.D.Synt.205.15.

3. ἀντίφρασίς ἐστι λέξις ..διὰ τοῦ π. τὸ ἐναντίον παριστῶσα, ex adjecto, as when the Furies are called Eumenides, Trypho Trop.2.15, cf. Ps.-Plu. Vit.Hom. 25.

4. of words, to be joined by juxtaposition (not composition, cf. παράθεσις 1.2), A.D.Synt.330.26, al.

5. to be interpolated, Gal. 18(1).58.