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πλεονέκτ-ημα, ατος, τό, advantage, gain, Pl.Lg.709c, D.5.23 (pl.), 18.60, etc.: pl., gains, successes, Gorg.Pal.30; ἐν τοῖς πολέμοις X.Eq.Mag.5.11; τὰ τοῦ στρατηγοῦντος π. Chor.p.35 B.; advantages, SIG888.133 (Scaptopara, iii A. D.); excellences, virtues, Zos.4.54: so in sg., superiority, superior quality, τῆς αἰτίας Diog.Oen.39; τῆς φωνῆς Eun.Hist.p.246 D.; π. σωματικά Jul.Or.6.194c, cf. Chor.p.209 B.: metaph., τὸ κατ' εὐθεῖαν ἐκ τῶν ἐναντίων π. Dam.Pr.350.

II. act of overreaching, undue gain, D.21.60, 50.38, Ep.5.3, Arist.Pol.1311a5; = vitium, Gloss.