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προπονέω, work or labour beforehand, X.Cyr.7.5.80; πολλά Luc. Vit.Auct.23; τινι for another, Id.Hist.Conscr.16.

2. work for or instead of another, τινος X.An.3.1.37, Cyr.8.2.2.

3. c. gen. rei, work for, work so as to obtain, τῶν εὐφροσυνῶν ib.8.1.32.

4. obtain by previous labour, τὰ προπεπονημένα Id.Mem.4.2.23, HG6.5.40.

5. elaborate, work up first, τροφὴν οὐκ ὠμὴν, ἀλλὰ προπεπονημένην ὑπὸ τοῦ καυλοῦ καὶ τῶν ῥιζῶν Thphr.CP4.6.6, cf. EM73.27.

II. suffer pain beforehand, ἢν -πεπονηκός τι ᾖ πρὸ τοῦ νοσέειν Hp.Aph.4.33; π. τῇ νόσῳ, τοὺς νεφρούς, Ruf.Fr.72, Gal.19.597(Med.); to be wearied before, ἐκ τοῦ τραύματος Luc.JTr.40; τῷ ἤδη -πεπονηκέναι Agath.3.27; of a horse, Ael.NA14.11.

2. trans., weary before, ἑαυτούς Plu. Oth.11:—
Pass., to be vexed already, γᾶς -πονουμένας v.l. in S.OT685 (lyr.).