Previous: πρώξNext: πρῳράζω

πρῷρ-α [ᾰ in nom. and acc. sg., A.Supp.716, S.Ph.482, Fr.726, E.Hel.1563, 1582, Or.362, IT1134 (lyr.); nom. πρῷρ' with elision in IG2.2836; acc. πρῴρᾱν is f.l. in A.R.1.372; πρῴρην is found in codd. of Hdt.1.194, 7.180], ἡ, forepart of a ship, prow, εἰς ἴκρια νηὸς πρῴρης Od.12.230 (here prob. adjectival with νηός), cf. Hdt., etc.; πνεῦμα τοὐκ πρῴρας a contrary wind, opp. κατὰ πρύμναν, S.Ph. 639.

2. metaph., πρῷρα βιότου the prow of life's vessel, i.e. early youth, E.Tr.103 (anap.); ὦ πρῷρα λοιβῆς Ἑστία thou who art first entitled to it, S.Fr.726; πάροιθεν πρῴρας ..καρδίας before my heart's prow, in front of my heart, A.Ch.390 (lyr.).

3. end of a vinebranch, Thphr.HP2.1.3 (cj. in CP3.14.7). (Written πρώρρα in Plb. 8.6.1, al., but πρωιρ- in PSI4.382.2 (iii B.C.), cf. πρῳρατικός; κυανοπρωί̈ρους [̆̆̄̄̄̄] is cited by EM692.32 from Hom., and κυανοπρώϊραν from Simon.241: hence πρῷρα is prob. contr. from a word of the form ̄̄̆, but whether from πρώειρα, as inferred by Hdn. Gr.2.410, is doubtful; perh. from πρώαιρα, cf. νείαιρα; -πρωῑρ- in Hom. and Simon. may have arisen by 'distraction' of the contracted form.)