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telos, eos, to, (tellomai, tellô) coming to pass, performance, consummation, ei gar ep' arêisin t. hêmeterêisi genoito Od.17.496; en [theois] t. estin homôs agathôn te kakôn te Hes.Op.669; dikê d' huper hubrios ischei es t. exelthousa issuing in fulfilment, execution, ib.218; kathaper ek dikês kata nomon t. echousês PEleph.1.12 (iv B.C.), cf. IG12(7).67.48 (Arcesine, iv/iii B.C.); kathêkei nun [tan gnôman] epi telos achthêmen SIG793.7 (Halasarna, i A.D.); elpomai men, en theôi ge man t. Pi.O.13.105, cf. N.8.45, 10.29, D.18.193; ên theos agathon t. didôi autôi X.Cyr.3.2.29; en peirai t. diaphainetai Pi.N.3.70; pseustêseis, oud' aute t. muthôi epithêseis Il.19.107, cf. Isoc.5.71, 6.77; result, t. d' ou pô ti pephantai Il.2.122; heiôs ke t. polemoio kicheiô 3.291; en gar chersi t. polemou 16.630; ison teineien polemou t. 20. 101, cf. Hes.Th.638 (but ê polemoio ê loimoio t. potidegmenoi the coming to pass (outbreak) of .., A.R.4.1282); ti man aphêsei t.; S. OC1468 (lyr.); ti estai to t. tôn gignomenôn toutôn emoi; Hdt.1.155, cf. Isoc.6.50; apoiêton ..themen ergôn t. undo things done, Pi.O.2.17; hodou t. S.OC1400; phonou t. A.R.1.834; tou d' ummi telos krêênai eoiken Id.3.172; tôi t. pistin pherôn the outcome, S.El.735; Zeus pantôn ephorai t. Sol.13.17; akolouthon to t. exebê tou kindunou tais epibolais Plb.4.11.9; amphidoxa ta t. tôn kindunôn autois apebaine Id.18.28.11, cf. 18.32.12, 3.5.7; t. toionde egeneto tês machês Hdt. 9.22, cf. Plb.1.61.2; machês ..kekurôtai t. A.Ch.874; dia machês hêxô telous, = dia machês hêxô, Id.Supp.475; ep' amphotera machan tamnein t. to seek to determine the issue of the battles in both directions, Pi.O.13.57; more generally, event, ou gar egôge ti phêmi t. chariesteron einai ê hote .. Od.9.5: in concrete sense, result, product, t. eupepsias haimatikês pimelê kai stear Arist.PA672a4, cf. GA725b8.

2. in contexts like Hes.Op.669, Il.16.630 (v. supr.), t. can be understood as power of deciding, supreme power, and so we have t. men Zeus echei ..pantôn hos' esti Semon.1.1; en d' emoi t. autoin genoito têsde tês machês peri S.OC423; [Apollon] ..hothen polemokranton hagnon, t. en machai A.Th.162 (lyr.); teleôn teleiotaton kratos, olbie Zeu Id.Supp.525 (lyr.); t. echei daimôn brotois, t. hopai thelei E.Or. 1545 (lyr.); t. d' eph' hêmin, eite ..eite .. Id.Hel.887; kai tois' (sc. iêtrois) ouden epesti t. they have no power or efficacy, Sol.13.58: and in the civil sphere, t. echein, of persons, to have the power to ratify, IG12.57.25, Foed. ap. Th.4.118, Arist.Pol.1322b13; ho ti an doxêi tois pleiosi tout' einai t. the decision of the majority must be final, ib. 1317b6; kurios estô epiballein kata to t. shall have authority to inflict a fine up to the limit of his powers, Lexap.D.43.75; kata to t. zêmiousthai Is.4.11; tois kat' emporian paragignomenois mêden estô t. plên epi kêruki ê grammatei Foed. ap. Plb.3.22.8; t. echein, of things, to have decisive or final authority, sphôin men entolê Dios echei t. dê A.Pr. 13; hê ..toutou aitiasis ouk echei t. has no validity, Antipho 5.89; prin t. ti autôn echein before any of the terms had validity, i.e. had been ratified, Th.5.41, cf. D.35.27; tou zên kai mê zên to t. estin en tôi anapnein the decisive difference between .., Arist.Resp.480b19.

3. magistracy, office, t. dôdekamênon Pi.N.11.9 (duô- codd.); hoi en t. men in office, magistrates, S.Aj.1352, Ph.385, Th.3.36; exô tôn basileôn kai tôn malista en t. Id.1.10, cf. 6.88; hoi en teleï eontes Hdt.3.18, 9.106; poet., hoi en telei bebôtes S.Ant.67; hoi ta t. echontes Foed. ap. Th.5.47; or megiston t. echoi Schwyzer409.3 (Elis, V B.C.); tous ..to horophulakikon t. echontas SIG633.94 (Milet., ii B.C.); to t. the government, toiaut' edoxe tôide Kadmeiôn telei A.Th.1030; ta t. the magistrates, Th. (with a masc. part. and pl. (v.l.) verb) 1.58, 4.15, X.An.2.6.4.

4. decision, doom, Zeus ..oide, hoppoterôi thanatoio t. peprômenon esti Il.3.309; Kêres de parestêkasi .., hê men echousa t. gêraos argaleou, hê d' heterê thanatoio Mimn.2.6; mêtêr ..me phêsi dichthadias Kêras pheremen thanatoio telos de (or telosde) Il.9.411, cf. 13.602; exephugon thanatou t. Archil.6.3; t. thanatou aleeinôn Od.5.326; t. thanatoio kalupsen Il.5.553; oude ke m' ôka t. thanatoio kicheiê 9.416, cf. 11.451; hêmeterou thanatoio kakon t., hoion etuchthê Od.24.124, cf. A.Th.906 (lyr.):—
judicial decision, ammenô t. dikês Id.Eu.243; kurion menei t. ib.544 (lyr.); ouk echousa tês dikês t. not having authority to decide the case, ib.729; ê kap' emoi trepoit' an aitias t.; will you submit the decision of this case to me? ib.434; to t. krinein Pl.Lg.768b; t. epithetô têi dikêi ib.767a, cf. 761e, 957b; decision of an assembly, A. Supp.603,624; of a king, Id.Ag.934; exaitrapês eôn Iôniês, t. epoiêse tên gên einai Milêsiôn prob. in SIG134b30 (Milet., iv B.C.); hôs toi egô muthou t. en phresi theiô the summing up or crux of the matter, Il.16.83.

5. something done or ordered to be done, task, service, duty, gnô ..ho hoi ou ti t. kata kairion êlthen on no fatal errand, Il.11.439 (nisi leg. katakairion); oude makunôn t. ouden Pi.P.4.286; hosois tout' epestaltai t. A.Eu.743, cf. Ag.908; m' Apollôn tôid' epestêsen telei ib.1202, cf. Ch.760; aupna ommatôn telê the wakeful duties (or services) of the eyes, E.Supp.1137 (lyr.); amphoteran toi charitôn ..zeuxô t. the rendering of both services, Pi.I.1.6; aitoumenôi moi kouphon ei doiês t. a small service or favour, A.Th.260; hêxô nai ton Pana kakon t. autika dôsôn Theoc.4.47; obligation to render a service or payment, hote dê misthoio t. polugêthees hôrai exepheron the Payment(-day) of the wage, Il.21.450; hoi d' elattô tôn hikanôn kektêmenoi, tên anankaian ateleian echontes, exô tou t. eisi toutou D.20.19, cf. Poll.8.156; en telei mathein to be taught for a fee, Id.4.46.

6. pl., services or offerings due to the gods, daimosin thusai thelousa pelanon, hôn telê tade A.Pers.204; enth' horizetai bômous t. t' enkarpa Kênaiôi Dii S.Tr.238; elipon Zêni tropaiôi panchalka t. Id.Ant.143 (anap.); gêi de têide Sisuphou semnên heortên kai telê prosapsomen E.Med.1382; theoisi mikra thuontes telê Id.Fr.327.6; of the Eleusinian mysteries, hou potniai semna tithênountai t. S.OC1050 (lyr.), cf. Fr.837; semnôn es opsin kai t. mustêriôn E.Hipp.25; called megala t., Pl.R.560e; rarely in sg., toude mustikou telous this mystic rite, A.Fr.387; of the marriage rite, t. gamoio Od.20.74, cf.A.R.4.1202, AP6.276 (Antip.); gamêlion t. A.Eu.835; ta numphika t. S.Ant.1241; t. ho gamos ekaleito Poll.3.38, cf. Paus.Gr.Fr.306, Sch.Ar.Th.982, Stob.2.7.3a.

7. service rendered by a citizen in the Solonian constitution to the state, also his rating according to this service, thêtikou anti telous hippad' ameipsamenos Epigr. ap. Arist.Ath.7.4; timêmati dieilen eis tettara t. four ratings or classes, ib.7.3; later, to tôn hippeôn t., Lat. ordo equester, D.C.48.45, al.

8. dues exacted by the state, Ar.V.658 (pl.), Pl.R.425d (pl.); agoras t. a market-toll, Ar.Ach.896; pornikon t. Aeschin.1.119; t. priasthai, pôlein, farm a tax or let it, D.24.144, Aeschin. l.c.; eklegein. prattein, levy it, D.l.c., Alex.263.3, Aeschin.3.113; telein pay a tax or duty, Pl.Lg.847b; ei ta t. telei, poion t. telei, questions put to candidates at Athens, Din.2.17, Arist.Ath.7.4; telê katatithêsin Antipho 5.77; katabalein And.1.93; freq. in Inscrr., IG12.46.12, al., SIG135.14 (Olynthus, iv B.C.), al., and Papyri, to hôrismenon tês aitêseôs t., etc., POxy.1473.30 (iii A.D.), cf. PCair.Zen.240.7 (iii B.C.), etc.: metaph., telê luein, v. luô v. 2.

9. financial means, expenditure, usu. in dat. pl., hos an tois idiois t. mê heauton monon, alla kai tên polin ôphelêi by the use of his own means, Th.6.16; kakôs hêmas autous poiountôn telesi tois oikeiois if we harm ourselves at our own expense, Id.4.60; anagrapsatô ..telesi tois Leônidou IG 12.56.22, cf. 94.14, al.; Cherronêson tois hautou t. dioruxei D.6.30; dêmosiois telesi Plu.Phoc.38: in nom. sg., matên gar oikôi son tod' ekbaiê t. E.Fr.639.

10. a military station or post with defined duties (cf. signf. 5), elthein eis phulakôn hieron t. Il.10.56; aipsa d' epi Thrêikôn andrôn t. hixon iontes ib.470; dorpon epeith' helomestha kata straton en teleessin at our posts, in the ranks, 11.730, cf. 18.298; later, military unit, division, squadron, telei heni tôn hippeôn Th.2.22, cf. 4.96; peltastôn telê E.Rh.311; kata telea Hdt.1.103, 7.87, al.; kata telê Th.6.42, Plb.11.11.6, cf. 11.15.2, Polyaen.2.1.17; in the Roman army, legion, J.AJ14.16.2, BJ1.17.9, Plu.Ant.18.56, App.BC5.87, al.

b. a force of 2048 infantry, = merarchia, Ascl. Tact.2.10, Arr.Tact.10.5, Ael.Tact.9.7.

c. a force of 2048 cavalry, Ascl.Tact.7.11, Arr.Tact.18.4, Ael.Tact.20.2.

II. dirruma te kai trirruma telê troops or columns of ..chariots, A.Pers.47 (anap.); of ships, tria t. poiêsantes tôn neôn Th.1.48: also ornithôn telea flocks of birds, v.l. for genea, Hdt.2.64; t. athanatôn A.Fr.151 (anap.).

12. a territorial division, Stratikon t. SIG421.44 (Acarnania, iii B.C.); Korôneiôn to t. Supp.Epigr.3.354 (Thebes, iii B.C.); to Lokrikon t. GDI2070 (Delph., ii B.C.).

II. degree of completion or attainment, tosson men echon t., ouata d' ou pô ..prosekeito Il.18.378; degree of maturity, age, epên dê touto t. parameipsetai hôrês Mimn.2.9; hêbês prin t. akron idein Simon.123; hêbês t. molontas E.Med.920; eis andros t. ienai man's estate, Pl.Mx.249a; eis presbutou t. aphikomenois Id.Epin.992d; to tôn paidôn t. adêlon hoi teleutai kakias kai aretês psuchês te peri kai sômatos Id.Smp.181e; oude gêrôs ebas t. sun taide E.Alc.413 (lyr.).

b. a length of time (or space), term, course, aretas, haisi Kleônumidai thallontes aiei sun theôi thnaton dierchontai biotou t. Pi.I.4(3).5(23); so perh. in E.Hipp.87 (v. infr. 3), and in dia telous (v. infr. 2 c).

2. state of completion or maturity, t. labein, echein, of plants or animals, to attain maturity, Pl.Phdr.276b, Lg.834c, cf. 899e: hence, completion, end, finish, t. epitheinai tôi logôi complete it, Id.Smp.186a, cf. Prt.348a; ho pasi tois proterois ep ethêke t. as a finish to all his former acts, D.18.140; to t. tês skênês epoiêsanto X.Cyr.2.3.24; tautês ..tês hêmeras touto to t. egeneto Id.An.1.10.18; t. labein to be completed, Pl.R.501e, Isoc.4.5; t. echein Pl.Lg.772c; ou t. hikeo muthôn didst not reach the end of thy speech, Il.9.56; epi telous tou dromou Pl.R.613d; mechri tou to prokeimenon epi telos achthênai PTeb.14.8 (ii B.C.); hekastôn pros telos achthentôn UPZ108.29 (ii B.C.), cf. BGU1816.11 (i B.C.); hê eikostê tou nosêmatos hêmera t. men triôn hebdomadôn, hex de tetradôn Gal.18(2).234:—
freq. in Adverbial phrases:

a. telos at last, hôste t. hêsuchian êgon Th.2.100, cf. 5.46; but most freq. at the beginning of the clause, machês de karterês genomenês, telos oudeteroi nikêsantes diestêsan Hdt.1.76, cf.4.131, al.; telos de Id.1.36, Thgn. 1294, etc.; alla t. Hdt.6.137; t. mentoi Id.5.89, X.HG5.4.30; t. ge mentoi S.Ant.233; kai t. Hdt.4.154, Th.1.109; to ge t. Pl.Lg. 740e.

b. <e)s t. in the end, in the long run, pantôs es t. exephanê Sol.13.28, cf. Hdt.9.37; eis t. S.Ph.409; thnêtôn d' eis t. olbios oudeis E.IA161 (anap.), cf. Hdt.3.40; horôntes tên Libuên eis t. ablabê diamenousan altogether, completely, Plb.1.20.7, cf. PTeb.38.11 (ii B.C.), OGI90.12 (Rosetta, ii B.C.), PSI10.1120.5 (i B.C./i A.D.); es t. anue moiras dub. l. in Theoc.1.93.

c. dia telous (orig. perh. from signf. 1.1 or 5, or 11.1b, through the (whole) performance or time), through to the end, completely, A.Pr.275, S.Aj.685, E.Supp. 270, Isoc.5.24, 8.17, 19.4; throughout, all the time, always, Antipho 5.42, Timocl.8.5, Hegesipp.Com.2.3; so dia teleos Hp.Acut.46 (= dia pantos kai aei acc. to Gal.15.618); dia telous aei Pl.Phlb.36e; permanently, for good, tou aphethênai se dia t. PPetr.2p.45 (iii B.C.).

d. epi telos at the end, opp. en archêi, Gal.19.183.

e. telei perh. in the end, S.OT198 (lyr.).

3. esp. t. echein biou to have reached the end of life, to be dead, Pl.Lg.801e; emoi men tou biou to t. êdê parestin X.Cyr.8.7.6; pasin estin anthrôpois t. tou biou thanatos D.57.27; eis t. tou zên aphikneisthai S.OC1530: less freq. abs., death, elpis esti nukteron t. molein A.Th.367 (lyr.); hoi neêniai ouketi anestêsan all' en teleï toutôi eschonto Hdt.1.31; echei to kalliston t. X.Cyr.7.3.11; echei t., = teteleutêke, Laconian phrase acc. to Hsch.; tôn êdê t. echontôn Pl.Lg.717e, cf. 772c, BGU1857.7 (i B.C.); reversely, t. echei tina Pl.Lg.740c; hoion se biou t. heile E.Rh.735 (anap.):—
but olbiôs elusen to t. biou has paid life's toll (cf. supr.1.8), S.OC1720 (lyr.); to t. ho chronos apaitei Poet. in Mus.Script.p.452 von Jan; also t. de kampsaim' hôsper êrxamên biou E.Hipp.87 (cf. supr. 11.1b); prin an pelas (v.l. telos) grammês hikêtai kai t. kampsêi biou Id.El. 955-6.

4. end, cessation, hôs de pros t. goôn aphikont' S.OC1621; pôs trochêlatou manias an elthoim' es t. ponôn t' emôn; E.IT83; hotan dê pêmatôn labêi t. Id.Hel.534; t. dechei dê tôn emôn prosphthegma tôn Id.Hec.413; hê men oun epanastasis ..touto to t. eschen Hell.Oxy.10.3; epeidê ouch hoion te eis apeiron, t. estai pasês phoras Arist.Metaph. 1074a30.

5. end of a word, A.D.Pron.12.25, al.; of a sentence, epi telei proskeitai Sor.1.43, cf. Gal.15.20; of a chapter or book, epi telei analuthêsetai Archim.Sph.Cyl.2.4, cf. Gal.15.10; pros tôi t. rhêthêsetai Pl.Lg.957b; pros tôi t. tou enterou Arist.PA675a16; apo telous tou stadiou, opp. apo mesou, Id.Ph.239b34 (cf. infr. 111.2).

III. achievement, attainment, têlou emoi nostoio t. glukeroio genesthai Od.22.323, cf. Pi.N.3.25; t. de tês apallagês tou Aithiopos hôde elegon genesthai Hdt.2.139; pôs an kai touto tou t. tunchanoi, i.e. might be achieved, Gem.8.36.

2. winning-post, goal in a race, pros t. ornumenon B.5.45; in a contest, estin d' aphaneia tuchas kai marnamenôn, prin t. akron hikesthai Pi.I.4(3).32(50); eis t. elthein, of runners in a race, Pl.R.613c.

b. prize, ephere pugmas t. Pi.O.10(11).67; ou gar ên pentaethlion all' eph' hekastôi ergmati keito t. Id.I.1.27; poti grammai men autan stasekosmêsais, t. emmen akron Id.P.9.118 (perh. 'to be the winning post and prize'); krineis t. aretas B.10.6: metaph., ouk echô eipein tini touto Moira t. empedon ôrexe Pi.N.7.57.

3. Philos., full realization, highest point. ideal, haptesthai tou t. Pl.Smp.211b; pros t. iôn tôn erôtikôn ib.210e; pros t. aretês elthonta Id.Clit.410e, cf. R. 613c.

b. the end or purpose of action, t. einai hapasôn tôn praxeôn to agathon Id.Grg.499e; freq. in Arist., EN1094a18, al.: hence, the final cause, = to hou heneka, Id.Metaph.994b9, 996a26, al.; hence simply = to agathon, the chief good, Id.EN1097a21, Zeno Stoic.1.45, etc.