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χόρτος, ὁ, prop. enclosed place (v. sub fin.), but always with collat. notion of a feeding-place: in Il., farmyard, in which the cattle were kept, αὐλῆς ἐν χόρτῳ 11.774; αὐλῆς ἐν χόρτοισι 24.640.

2. generally, any feeding-ground, pasturage, freq. in pl., χόρτοι λέοντος, of Nemea, Pi.O.13.44; χόρτοι εὔδενδροι E.IT134 (lyr.); χόρτος οὐρανοῦ the expanse of heaven, Poet. ap. Hsch.

II. fodder, provender, esp. for horses and cattle, Hdt.5.16 (of fish); θηρῶν ὀρείων χόρτον, οὐχ ἵππων λέγεις E.Alc.495; grass, Hes.Op.606, E.Rh.771, 1 Ep.Cor.3.12; χ. κοῦφος hay, X.An.1.5.10; χ. ἐβλάστησεν, ἐξηράνθη, Ev.Matt.13.26, 1 Ep.Pet.1.24; ἄνθος χόρτου Ep.Jac.1.10: opp. σῖτος (food for man), Hdt.9.41, X.Cyr.8.6.12; χόρτον ἔχει ἔπὶ τοῦ κέρατος as translation of the Lat. proverb, foenum habet in cornu, of a dangerous ox, Plu.Crass.7.

b. green crop, [γῆ] ἐσπαρμένη χόρτῳ PTeb.27.72 (ii B. C.), al.

2. Poet., food generally, δούλιος χ. Hippon. 35.6, cf. E.Cyc.507 (lyr.), Crates Theb.10; cf. χορτάζω. (Cf. Lat. hortus, Welsh garth 'fold, enclosure', Irish gort 'crop', 'field'.)