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ἁλίσκομαι [ᾰλ], defect. Pass., Act. supplied by αἱρέω (ἁλίσκω Aq. Ps.21(22).14, cf. ἐλέφας μῦν οὐχ ἁλίσκει Zen.3.67): impf. ἡλισκόμην (never ἑαλ-) Hdt., etc.: fut. ἁλώσομαι Hdt., etc., later ἁλωθήσομαι LXX Ez.21.24 (19) cod. A: aor. (the only tense used by Hom.) ἥλων Od.22.230, always in Hdt., and sometimes in codd. of Att., as Pl. Hp.Ma. 286a, Hyp.Eux.15, cf. X.An.4.4.21, but the common Att. form was ἑάλων IG2.38, etc., cf. Thom.Mag.146 [ᾱ, Ar.V.355, later ᾰ AP7.114 (D.L.), 11.155 (Lucill.); ᾰ in other moods, exc. part. ἁλόντε Il.5.487, inf., v. infr.]; subj. ἁλῶ, ῷς, ῷ A.Th.257, E.Hipp. 420, Ar.Ach.662, V.898, etc., Ion. ἁλώω Il.11.405, ἁλώῃ 14.81, Hdt. 4.127; opt. ἁλοίην Il.22.253, Antipho 5.59, etc., Ep. 3sg. ἁλῴη (v.l. ἁλοίη, which is to be preferred) Il.17.506, Od.15.300; inf. ἁλῶναι [ᾰ] Il.21.281, [ᾱ] Hippon.74, S1.v.l., Ep. ἁλώμεναι Il.21.495; part. ἁλούς Il.2.374, etc.; later, inf. ἁλωθῆναι v.l. in LXX Ez.40.1, D.S.21.6: pf. ἥλωκα Hdt.1.83, Antiph.204.7, Xenarch.7.17, Hyp.Phil.11, D. 21.105; part. ἁλωκότα Pi.P.3,57; ἑάλωκα [ᾰλ] A.Ag.30, Hdt. 1.191, 209 codd., and Att., as Th.3.29, Pl.Ap.38d, D.19.179: plpf. ἡλώκειν Hdt.1.84, X.An.5.2.8.: (fαλ-, cf. fαλίσσκηται IG9(2).1226 (Thess.), fαλόντοις ib.5(2).351.7 (Stymphalus)):—
to be taken, conquered, fall into an enemy's hand, of persons and places, Il.2.374, etc.; ἁλώσεται (sc. ὁ Κρέων) S.OC1065; ἁλίσκεσθαι εἰς πολεμίους to fall into the hands of the enemy, Pl.R.468a, IG12(7).5 (Amorg.); ἐν τοιαύταις ξυμφοραῖς Pl.Cri.43c.

2. to be caught, seized, of persons and things, θανάτῳ ἁλῶναι to be seized by death, die, Il.21.281, Od.5.312; without θανάτῳ, Il.12.172, Od.18.265, etc.; ἄνδρ' ἐκ θνάτου κομίσαι ἤδη ἁλωκότα (sc. νόσῳ) Pi.P.3.57; γράμματα ἑάλωσαν εἰς Ἀθήνας letters were seized and taken to Athens, X.HG1.1.23; τοῖς αὑτῶν πτεροῖς ἁλισκόμεσθα, of eagle, i.e. by a feathered arrow, A.Fr.139:—
to be taken or caught in hunting, Il.5.487, X.An.5.3.10:—
ἁ. ἀπάταις, μανίᾳ, S.El.125, Aj.216; ὑπ' ἔρωτος Pl.Phdr.252c; ὑπὸνουσήματος τεταρταίου Hp.Nat.Hom.15; νοσήματι Arist.Pr.954a35, etc.; μιᾷ νίκῃ ἁλίσκονται by one victory they are ruined, Th.1.121: abs., to be overcome, A.Eu.67, S.Aj.648.

3. in good sense, to be won. achieved, S.OT542, E.Alc.786, X.Cyn.12.21.

4. c. gen., succumb to, τῆς ὥρας, τοῦ κάλλους, Ael.VH12.52, Ps.-Luc. Charid.9; κόρης Philostr.Her.8.2, prob. in Eun.Hist.p.238D.

5. to be established by argument, proved, Phld.Sign.29,33.

II. c. part., to be caught or detected doing a thing, οὔτε σὺ ἁλώσεαι ἀδικέων Hdt.1.112; ἐπιβουλεύων ἐμοὶ ..ἑάλωκε ib.209; ἐὰν ἁλῷς ἔτι τοῦτο πράττων Pl.Ap.29c; with Subst. or Adj., οὐ γὰρ δὴ φονεὺς ἁλώσομαι S.OT576; μοιχὸς γὰρ ἢν τύχῃς ἁλούς Ar.Nu.1079; ἁ. ἐν κακοῖσι S. Ant.496.

2. freq. as law-term, to be convicted and condemned, λιποταξίου γραφὴν ἡλωκέναι D.21.105, cf. Antipho 2.2.9, 2.3.6; ἁ. μιᾷ ψήφῳ And.4.9:—
c. gen. criminis, �;̔λῶναι ψευδομαρτυριῶν, ἀστρατείας, ἀσεβείας, etc. (sc. γραφήν), v. sub vocc.; ἁ. θανάτου to be convicted of a capital crime, Plu.2.552d; ἁλοῦσα δίκη conviction, Pl.Lg. 937d; of false evidence, ὁπόσων ἂν μαρτυρίαι ἁλῶσιν ibid.