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ἄγριος, α, ον, Od.9.119; also ος, ον (not in Trag. or com). Il.19.88, Phoc.3.6, Pl.Lg.824a, Theoc.22.36: Comp. -ώτερος Th.6.60: Sup. -ώτατος Pl.R.564a (ἀγρός): living in the fields, wild, savage.

I. of animals, opp. τιθασός ἥμερος, wild, βάλλειν ἄγρια πάντα Il.5.52; αἶξ, σῦς, 3.24, 9.539; even of flies, ἄ. φῦλα, μυίας 19.30; ἵπποι, ὄνοι, etc., Hdt.7.86, etc.; ἄ. τέρας, of a bull, E.Hipp.1214; ἄ. θηρία X.An. 1.2.7; of men, living in a wild state, Hdt.4.191.

2. of trees, opp. ἥμερος, wild, Pi.Fr.46, Hdt.4.21, etc.; μητρὸς ἀγρίας ἄπο ποτόν of the wild vine, A.Pers.614, cf. Arist.Pr.896a8; ἄ. ἔλαιον S.Tr.1197; ὕλη Id.OT476, etc.; μέλι Ev.Matt.3.4.

3. of countries, wild, uncultivated, Pl.Phd.113b, Lg.905b.

II. mostly of men, beasts, etc.:

1. in moral sense, savage, fierce, Il.8.96, Od.1.199, etc., cf. Ar.Nu.567; δεσπότης Pl.R.329c; ἄ. καὶ ἀπαίδευτος Id.Grg.510b; ἄγριε παῖ καὶ στυγνέ Theoc.23.19, cf. 2.54; ἄ. κυβευτής a passionate gambler, Men.965; esp. of παιδερασταί, Ar.Nu.349 (cf. Sch. ad loc.), Aeschin.1.52, Aen. Gaz.Thphr. p.14 B.

2. of temper, wild, fierce, θυμός, χόλος, Il.9.629, 4.23; λέων δ' ὥς, ἄγρια οἶδεν 24.41; ἄ. πτόλεμος, μῶλος, 17.737,398; ἄγριος ἄτη 19.88; ἄ. ὁδοί cruel ways or counsels, S.Ant.1274; ὀργή OT344 (Sup.); ἀγριώτατα ἤθεα Hdt.4.106; ἔρωτες Pl.Phd.81a; φιλία Id.Lg.837b, cf. R.572b, etc.; τὸ ἄ. savageness, Id.Cra.394e; ἐς τὸ -ώτερον to harsher measures, Th. l.c.

3. of things, circumstances, etc., cruel, harsh, δεσμά A.Pr. 177; νὺξ -ωτέρη wild, stormy, Hdt.8.13; δουλεία Pl.R.564a; σύντασις ἀ. a violent strain, Id.Phlb.46d; ἄ. βάρος, of strong, hot wine, Ar.Fr.351.

b. ἀ. νόσος, prob., malignant, S.Ph.173,265; ἄ. ἕλκος Bion 1.16.

III. Adv. -ίως, savagely, A.Eu.972, Ar.V.705; ἄγρια δερκομένω, παίσδων, Hes.Sc.236, Mosch.1.11. [ᾱ Hom.; ᾱ in trim., ᾰ in lyr. A. and S.; ᾱ̆ E.; ῑ metri grat., where the ult. is long, Il.22.313 (nisi leg. ἀγρίοο).]