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ἄνθρωπος, ἡ, Att. crasis ἅνθρωπος, Ion. ὥνθρωπος, for ὁ ἄνθρ-:—
man, both as a generic term and of individuals, Hom. etc., opp. gods, ἀθανάτων τε θεῶν χαμαὶ ἐρχομένων τ' ἀνθρώπων Il.5.442, etc.; πρὸς ἠοίων ἢ ἑσπερίων ἀνθρώπων the men of the east or of the west, Od.8.29; even of the dead in the Isles of the Blest, ib.4.565; κόμπος οὐ κατ' ἄνθρωπον A.Th.425, cf. S.Aj.761.

2. Pl. uses it both with and without the Art. to denote man generically, ὁ ἄ. θείας μετέσχε μοίρας Prt.322a; οὕτω ..εὐδαιμονέστατος γίγνεται ἄ. R.619b, al.; ὁ ἄ. the ideal man, humanity, ἀπώλεσας τὸν ἄ., οὐκ ἐπλήρωσας τὴν ἐπαγγελίαν Arr.Epict.2.9.3.

3. in pl., mankind, ἀνθρώπων ..ἀνδρῶν ἠδὲ γυναικῶν Il.9.134; ἐν τῷ μακρῷ ..ἀνθρώπων χρόνψ S.Ph.306; ἐξἀνθρώπων γίγνεσθαι depart this life, Paus.4.26.5, cf. Philostr.VA8.31.

b. joined with a Sup. to increase its force, δεινότατον τῶν ἐν ἀνθρώποις ἁπάντων D.53.2; ὁ ἄριστος ἐν ἀνθρώποις ὄρτυξ the best quail in the world, Pl.Ly.211e; freq. without a Prep., μάλιστα, ἥκιστα ἀνθρώπων, most or least of all, Hdt.1.60, Pl.Lg.629a, Prt.361e; ἄριστά γ' ἀ., ὀρθότατα ἀ., Id.Tht.148b, 195b, etc.

c. τὰ ἐξ ἀνθρώπων πράγματα 'all the trouble in the world', ib.170e; γραφὰς τὰς ἐξ ἀνθρώπων ἐγράφετο Lys.13.73; αἱ ἐξ ἀνθρώπων πληγαί Aeschin.1.59; πάντα τὰ ἐξ ἀνθρώπων κακὰ ἔλεγε D.C.57.23.

4. joined with another Subst., like ἀνήρ, ἄ. ὁδίτης Il.16.263; πολίτας ἀ. D.22.54; with names of nations, πόλις Μερόπων ἀνθρώπων h.Ap.42; in Att. freq. in a contemptuous sense, ἄ. ὑπογραμματεύς, ἄ. γόης, ἄ. συκοφάντης, Lys.30.28, Aeschin.2.153,183; ἄ. ἀλαζών X.Mem.1.7.2; ἄ. ὑφάντης Pl.Phd.87b; Μενίππου, Καρός τινος ἀνθρώπου D.21.175; ἄ. βασιλεύς Ev.Matt.22.2.

5. ἅνθρωπος or ὁ ἄνθρωπος alone, the man, the fellow, Pl.Prt.314e, Phd.117e; ὡς ἀστεῖος ὁ ἄ., with slight irony, ib.116d, al.; with a sense of pity, D.21.91.

6. in the voc. freq. in a contemptuous sense, as when addressed to slaves, etc., ἄνθρωπε or ὤνθρωπε sirrah! you sir! Hdt.3.63,8.125, and freq. in Pl., but in Trag. only S.Aj.791,1154; simply, brother, POxy.215.1, Diog.Oen. 2.

7. slave, ἂν ἄ. ᾖ Philem.22; ἄ. ἐμός Gal.14.649; ὁ ἄ. τῆς ἁμαρτίας or ἀνομίας 2 Ep.Thess.2.3; ἄ. τοῦ Θεοῦ 1 Ep.Tim. 6.11; but τιθέναι τινὰ ἐν ἀνθρώποις make a man of, of a freed slave, Herod.5.15.

8. ἄ. ἄ. any one, Hebraism in LXX Le.17.3 (cf. ἀνήρ VI.8); ἄ. like Germ. man 'one', 1 Ep.Cor.4.1,al.

9. Medic., name of a plaster, ἡ διὰ σάνδυκος ἄ. καλουμένη Aët.15.43.

II. as fem., woman, Pi.P.4.98, Hdt.1.60, Isoc.18.52, Arist.EN1148b20; contemptuously, of female slaves, Antipho1.17, Is.6.20, etc.; with a sense of pity, D.19.197.—
Prop. opp. θηρίον, cf. ἀνήρ; but opp. γυνή, Aeschin.3.137; ἀπὺ ἀνθρώπου ἕως γυναικός LXX 1 Es.9.40, etc.