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ἄνω (B), Aeol. ὄνω, Adv., (ἀνά):

I. with Verbs implying Motion, upwards, ἄ. ὤθεσκε ποτὶ λόφον Od.11.596; ἄ. ἀπὸ θαλάσσης ἀναπλεῖν up stream, Hdt.2.155; ἄ. ποταμῶν χωροῦσι παγαί E.Med.410 (lyr.), hence "ἄ. ποταμῶν", proverbial, D.19.287, etc.; κόνις δ' ἄ. φορεῖτο S. El.714; κονιορτὸς ἄ. ἐχώρει Th.4.34; ἡ ἄ. ὁδός the upward road, Pl. R.621c; ἄ. ἰόντι going up the country (i.e. inland, v. infr. 11.1f), Hdt.2.8; ἄ. κάτω, v. infr. 11.2; πέμπειν ἄ., i.e. from the nether world, A.Pers.645 (lyr.), cf. Ch.147; σύριγγες ἄ. φυσῶσιμέλαν μένος S. Aj.1412 (lyr.).

II. with Verbsimplying Rest, aloft, on high, ib.240, etc.; τὸ ἄ. Pl.Phdr.248a, etc.

b. on earth, opp. the world below, νέρθε κἀπὶ γῆς ἄ. S.OT416; ἡνίκ' ἦσθ' ἄ. Id.El.1167; ἄ. βλέπειν Id.Ph.1348; ἄ. ἐπὶ [τῆς] γῆς Pl.Phd.109c; οἱ ἄ. the living, opp. οἱ κάτω the dead, S.Ant.1068, cf. Ph.1348, etc.; τὰ ἄ. πράγματα the world above, Luc.Cont.1.

c. in heaven, opp. earth, οἱ ἄ. θεοί the gods above, S.Ant.1072; κῆρυξ τῶν ἄ. τε καὶ κάτω A.Ch.124: esp. in NT, ἐκ τῶν ἄ. εἰμί Ev.Jo.8.23; ἡ ἄ. Ἱερουσαλήμ Ep.Gal.4.26; ἡ ἄ. κλῆσις Ep.Phil.3.14.

d. generally, of relative position, ὁ δῆμος ἄ. καθῆτο in the upper quarter of the city, i.e. the Pnyx, D.18.169; ἡ ἄ. βουλή, i.e. the Areopagus, Plu.Sol.19; βαλλόμενοι ὑπὸ τῶν ἄ. by those above on the roofs, Th.4.48; τὰ ἄ. X.An.4.3.25; τὰ ἄ. τῆς οἰκίας, opp. θεμέλια, Id.Eq.1.2; οἱ ἄ. τόποι OGI111.17.

e. geographically, on the upper side, i.e. on the north, ἄ. πρὸς βορέην Hdt.1.72; οὔτε τὰ ἄ. χωρία οὔτε τὰ κάτω [οὔτε τὰ πρὸς τὴν ἠῶ οὔτε τὰ πρὸς τὴν ἑσπέρην] Id.1.142; ὁ ἄ. τόπος Pl.R.435e.

f. inward from the coast, ἡ ἄ. Ἀσίη Hdt.1.95; τὰ ἄ. τῆς Ἀσίης ib.177; ἡ ἄ. ὁδός the upper or inland road, Id.7.128, X.An.3.1.8; ἡ ἄ. πόλις, opp. the Piraeus, Th.2.48; in full, οἱ ἀπὸ θαλάσσης ἄ. ib.83; ἡ ἄ. Μακεδονία Plu.Pyrrh.11; ὁ ἄ. βασιλεύς the king of the upper country, i.e. of Persia, X.An.7.1.28.

g. in the race-course, τὰ ἄ. turning-post, Pl.R.613b; cf. κάτω.

h. in the body, τὰ ἄ. the upper parts, opp. τὸ κάτω, Arist.GA741b28, al.; ἡ ἄ. κοιλία Id.Mete.360b23.

i. of Time, formerly, of old, εἰς τὸ ἄ. reckoning upwards or backwards, of generations, Pl.Tht.175b; οἱ ἄ. men of olden time, Id.Criti.110b; οἱ ἄ. τοῦ γένους Id.Lg.878a; αἱ ἄ. μητρός the mother's lineal ancestors, Id.R.461c, cf. infr. c; ἐν τοῖς ἄ. χρόνοις D.18.310.

k. above, in referring to a passage, Pl.Grg. 508e; ἐν τοῖς ἄ. λόγοις R.603d, cf. Arist.Rh.1412b33, etc.

1. of tones in the voice, οἱ ἄ. τόνοι Plu.Cic.3.

m. metaph., ἄ. βαίνειν walk proudly, Philostr.VA1.13; ἄ. φρονεῖν Hld.7.23.

n. higher, more general, of κατηγορίαι, Arist.AP0.82a23.

2. ἄ. καὶ κάτω up and down, to and fro, εἷρπ' ἄ. τε καὶ κάτω E.HF953; ἄ. καὶ κ. φεύγειν Ar.Ach.21; ἄ. τε καὶ κ. κυκᾶν Id.Eq.866; περιπατεῖν ἄ. κ. Id.Lys. 709.

b. upside-down, topsy-turvy, τὰ μὲν ἄ. κ. θήσω, τὰ δὲ κ. ἄ. Hdt.3.3; πάντ' ἄ. τε καὶ κ. στρέφων τίθησιν A.Eu.650; τρέπουσα τύρβ' ἄ. κ. Id.Fr.311, cf. Ar.Av.3; ἄ. κ. συγχεῖν E.Ba.349; ἄ. καὶ κ. ποιεῖν τὰ πράγματα D.9.36; τοὺς νόμους στρέφειν 21.19; πόλλ' ἄ., τὰ δ' αὖ κ. κυλίνδοντ' ἐλπίδες Pi.O.12.6; πολλάκις ἐμαυτὸν ἄ. κ. μετέβαλλον backwards and forwards, Pl.Phd.96a, cf. Prt.356d.

3. ἄ. ἔχειν τὸ πνεῦμα pant or gasp, Men.23, cf. Sosicr.1.

B. as Prep. with gen., above, ἡ ἄ. Ἅλυος Ἀσίη Hdt.1.130, cf. 103, Call.Jov.24; αἱ ἄ. μητρός (v. supr. 11.1 i); ἄ. τοῦ γόνατος above the knee, Thphr.Char.4.4; ἀπὸ ἄ. τῆς χθονὸς ταύτης LXX 3 Ki.14.15.

2. with partitive gen., αἰθέρος ἄ. ἑλεῖν dub. in S.Ph.1092, cf. E.Or.1542; γῆς ἥκοντ' ἄ. Id.HF616; μικρὸν προαγαγὼν ἄ. τῶν πραγμάτων Aeschin.2.34.

C. Comp. ἀνωτέρω, abs., higher, ἀ. θακῶν ..Ζεύς A.Pr.314; ἀ. οὐδὲν τῶ�; πρηγμάτων προκοπτομένων not getting on any farther, Hdt. 1.190; ἀδελφῷ ἢ πατρὶ ἢ ἔτι ἀ. Pl.Lg.880b; οὐ προήϊσαν ἀ. τὸ πρὸς ἑσπέρης Hdt.8.130.

2. c. gen., ἀ. Σάμου ib.132; ἀ. γίγνεσθαί τινων X.An.4.2.25; ἀ. τῶν μαστῶν above them, ib.1.4.17; later ἀνώτερον Plb.1.7.2, etc.; cf. ἀνώτερος.

II. Sup. ἀνωτάτω, ἐς τοὺς ἀ. (sc. στάντας) Hdt.7.23; ἡ ἀ. κώμη X.An.7.4.11; ἀνῳκίσανθ' ὅπως ἀ. Ar.Pax207; ἡ ἀ. ἄσκησις the highest, Arr.Epict.3.24.84, cf. Ph.1.33, al.; τὰ ἀ. τῶν γενῶν Arist.Metaph.998b18, cf. Zeno Stoic.1.51, S.E.P. 1.138; τὰ ἀ. τρία Ph.1.321; ἡ ἀ. διαίρεσις Ps.-Alex.Aphr.in SE20.27.