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ἄρδω, impf. ἦρδον Pl.Ti.76a, Ion. 3sg. ἄρδεσκε Hdt.2.13: aor. ἦρσα Id.5.12, subj. ἄρσῃ Id.2.14, part. ἄρσας Id.2.14, 5.12: used by Att. only in pres. and impf.:—
water: hence,

1. give drink to cattle, ἵππους ἄρσασα βαθυσχοίνοιο Μέλητος from or at the Meles, h.Hom. 9.3; ἄ. Σιμόεντος Euph.66; ἦρσε τὸν ἵππον Hdt. l.c.; of rivers, furnish drink for men, Pi.O.5.12:—
Pass., drink, ἀρδόμενοι οὐρῆες ἀπὸ πηγέων h.Ap.263: metaph., ἄ. φωτί to be drunk with light, Plot. 2.9.3.

2. water land, of rivers, Hdt.2.14, A.Pers.487,806, etc.; of men, irrigate, μισθωτὸς ἄρδει πεδία Timocl.15.5, cf. Arist. GC335a14; θεὸς ἄ. γῆν Ph.1.50:—
Pass., to be watered, of countries, Hdt.2.13; σῖτος χερσὶ ἀρδόμενος watered by hand, Id.1.193; ἐκ τοῦ ποταμοῦ ibid., cf. Ibyc.1, Ath.2.43c; καρποὺς ἀρδομέναν ..χθόνα having its corn watered, Ar.Nu.282; Νυμφάων ὅθδεται ἄστυ Ἀθήνης IG3.1354.5.

II. metaph.,foster, cherish, ὄλβον ἄ. Pi.O.5.23; πάτραν Χαρίτω�;ν ἄρδειν δρόσῳ, i.e. cover with glory, Id.I.6(5).64; τὸ λογιστικὸν ἄ. καὶ αὔξειν Pl.R.550b, cf. 606d, etc.; ἄ. νοῦν οἴνῳ Ar.Eq.96; συμποσίοις ἄρδοντες αὑτούς Pl.Phdr.276d, cf. X.Smp.2.24.

III. guzzle, πολὺν ἄκρατον Ph.1.639.

IV. pour forth, θεὸς ἄ. χάριτας Id.2.294:—
Pass., ib.244. (ᾱ̓ acc. to Hdn.Gr.2.109.)