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ἄσφαλτος, ἡ (also ὁ, Gal.13.784), asphalt, bitumen, Hdt.1.179, 6.119, Theoc.16.100, Dsc.1.73; ἄ. ὀρυκτή Arist.Mir.842b15:—
also ἄσφαλτον, τό, Hp.Aër.7, Ti.Locr.99c.

II. a kind of petroleum, Dsc.1.99.

III. pitch, LXX Ge.6.14. (Ph.1.420 derives it from σφάλλω.)