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ἀφαιρ-έω, Ion. ἀπαιρέω, fut. -ήσω: pf. ἀφῄρηκα, Ion. ἀπαραίρηκα: aor. ἀφεῖλον, later inf. ἀφέλαι GDI4940.35 (Cret.); ἀφῄρησα Gal.11.121:—
take away from:—
Constr.: mostly ἀ. τί τινι, σῖτον μέν σφιν ἀφεῖλε took it from him, Od.14.455, cf. A.Eu.360 codd., etc. (but also, relieve one of a duty, X.Cyr.7.1.44): less freq. ἀ. τί τινος Ar.Pax 560, X.Lac.4.7; κῆρα χώρας A.Th.777 (lyr.); ἔκ τινος Id.Eu.444; also τινά τι prob. l. ib.360, S.Ph.933, v. infr. II. I, III: c. gen., take from, τιμῆς οὔτ' ἀφελὼν οὔτ' ἐπορεξάμενος Sol.5.2; μηδὲν ἀφαιρῶμεν τοῦ ἀδίκου (from the unjust man) ἀπὸ τῆς ἀδικίας Pl.R.360e; τοῦ πλήθους diminish the number, X.Vect.4.4: c. acc. only, ἀπελὼν τὰ ἄχθεα having taken them off, Hdt.1.80; βασιλέων ..ὀργὰς ἀφῄρουν took away, E.Med.455, cf.Ar.Pl.22,Ra.518.

2. set aside, κρέα SIG 1044.41 (Halic., iv B. C.).

b. exclude, separate, τὸ Ἑλληνικὸν ὡς ἓν ἀπὸ πάντων ἀφαιροῦντες χωρίς Pl.Plt.262d; opp. προστιθέναι, Id.Phd.95e, etc.

3. Math., ἀ. ἀπὸ ..subtract from, Euc.Ax.3 (Pass.), etc.; of ratios, divide out from both sides of an equation, Apollon. Perg.1.41 (Pass.); intercept, in Pass., Procl.Hyp.2.27.

4. in Logic, abstract, c. acc., Arist.APo.74a37, al.: abs., Id.Metaph.1030a33.

II. Med., fut. ἀφαιρήσομαι (in pass. sense, v.l. for ἀπαιρε-θήσεσθαι, Hdt.5.35, cf. Antipho Fr.57), later ἀφελοῦμαι Timostr.5, Plb.3.29.7: aor. ἀφειλόμην, later ἀφειλάμην Ph.2.586, D.C.41.63, cf. Phryn.116: pf. ἀφῄρημαι (in med. sense) X.Cyr.7.5.79 (spelt ἀφείρ- Sammelb.4309 (iii B. C.)):—
from Hom. downwds. more freq. than Act., take away for oneself; also in reciprocal sense, ἀφαιρεῖσθον τύχην ye have received each the fortune of the other, E. El.928:—
Constr. like Act., ἀφαιρεῖσθαί τί τινι, as καὶ δή μοι γέρας ..ἀφαιρήσεσθαι ἀπειλεῖς Il.1.161; τί τινος 5.673,691, 9.335, Th.3.58, Lys.24.13, etc. (also τεύχεα ..ὤμοιϊν ἀφελέσθαι Il.13.510); τι πρός τινος E.Tr.1034; τι ἀπό τινος Ar.V.883; ἔκ τινος X.Cyn.12.9: c. dupl. acc. rei et pers., bereave or deprive of, μήτε σὺ τόνδ' ..ἀποαίρεο κούρην Il.1.275, cf. Hdt.1.71, 7.104; freq. in Att. and Trag., Lys. l. c., Th.8.74, D.20.46, etc.; τέκνα ἀ. τινά E.Andr.613, cf. Ar.Ach. 464: rarely c. acc. pers. et gen. rei, ἀ. τὰς κύνας τοῦ εὑρεῖν X.Cyn.6.4; τῆς ἀρχῆς τινά Plu.Ant.60; τὴν Ἀμαζόνα τοῦ ζωστῆρος Paus.5.10.9.

2. c. acc. rei, ἀ. ψήφισμα cancel or rescind, And.2.24; ἀφελομένης τῆς νυκτὸς τὸ ἔργον having broken off the action, Th.4.134; ἕως κελαινῆς νυκτὸς ὄμμ' ἀφείλετο A.Pers.428: abs., μέχρι σκότος ἀφείλετο (sc. τὴν δίωξιν) X.HG1.2.16; ἀ. τὴν μνήμην πολλῶν ἀγαθῶν D.22.13.

3. folld. by μή c. inf., prevent, hinder from doing, τί μ' ἄνδρα ..ἀφείλου μὴ κτανεῖν; S.Ph.1303, cf. E.Tr.1146; κἄκτεινας, ἤ τις συμφορά σ' ἀφείλετο [μὴ κτεῖναι]; Id.Andr.913; c. inf. Pass., τὸν τὰ ὕστερον ἀφείλετο ἀδικήματα εὐεργέτην μὴ ὀνομασθῆναι Paus.8.52.2; c. inf. only, Pi.I.1.62: simply, obstruct, ἀρχήν Pl.Lg.958c.

4. ἀ. τινὰ εἰς ἐλευθερίαν, Lat. vindicare in libertatem, claim as free, Pl.Lg. 914e, Isoc.12.97, D.58.19, cf. Lys.23.10, Aeschin.1.62.

III. Pass., fut. -αιρεθήσομαι E.Hel.938; -ήσομαι Antipho Fr.57: pf. ἀφῄρημαι, Ion. ἀπαραίρημαι Hdt.7.159, etc.:—
to be robbed or deprived of a thing, τι A.Ch.962 (lyr.), Hdt.3.137, etc.; τι πρός or ὑπό τινος, Id.1.70, 3.65, 7.159; ἀφῃρέθην τὰ ἐνέχυρα ὑπό τινος D.47.41; ἐκ χερῶν ἀφῃρέθην had them taken out of my hands, E.Tr.486: c. inf., ἀφῃρέθη Σκίρωνος ἀκτὰς ὄμμα τοὐμὸν εἰσορᾶν was deprived of, hindered from seeing them, Id.Hipp.1207: less freq. μηδὲν τοῦ ἐμοῦ ὄγκου ἀφαιρεθέντος ἀλλὰ σοῦ αὐξηθέντος Pl.Tht.155b.

2. ὁ ἀφαιρεθείς, in Law, the person from whom a slave has been claimed, Id.Lg.915a.