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ἀγών [ᾰ], ῶνος, ὁ, Aeol. ἄγωνος, ου, ὁ, Alc.121 (also E.ap.Sch.Il. Oxy.1087.60); Elean dat. pl. ἀγώνοιρ GDI1172.26: (ἄγω):—
gathering, assembly, ἵζανεν εὐρὺν ἀ. Il.23.258; λῦτο δ' ἀ. 24.1, cf. Od.8.200; νεῶν ἐν ἀγῶνι Il.15.428, cf. Eust.1335.57: esp. assembly met to see games, freq. in Il.23; Ὑπερβορέων ἀ. Pi P.10.30; κοινοὺς ἀ. θέντες A. Ag.845.

2. place of contest, lists, course, βήτην ἐς μέσσον ἀ. Il.23.685, cf. 531, Od.8.260, Hes.Sc.312, Pi.P.9.114, and esp. Th.5.50: prov., ἔξω ἀγῶνος out of the lists or course, i.e. beside the mark, Pi. P.1.44, Luc.Anach.21: pl., κατ' ἀγῶνας Od.8.259.

II. assembly of the Greeks at the national games, ὁ ἐν Ὀλυμπίῃ ἀ. Hdt.6.127; ὁ Ὀλυμπικὸς ἀ. Ar.Pl.583; Ἑλλάδος πρόσχημ' ἀ. S.El.682, cf. 699:—
hence, contest for a prize at the games, ἀ. γυμνικός, ἱππικός, μουσικός, Hdt.2.91, Pl.Lg.658a, Ar.Pl.1163, cf. Th.3.104; οἱ τῶν λαμπάδων ἀ. Arist.Ath.57.1; ἀ. τῶν ἀνδρῶν contest in which the chorus was composed of men, opp. to παίδων or ἀγενείων (q.v.), D.21.18, etc.; ἀ. στεφανηφόρος or στεφανίτης contest where the prize is a crown, Hdt.5.102, Arist.Rh.1357a19; ἀ. χάλκεος, where it is a shield of brass, Pi.N.10.22; ἀ. θεματικός IG14.739 (Naples); ἀργυρίτης δωρίτης Plu.2.820d:—
hence many phrases, ἀγῶνα καταστῆσαι establish a contest, Isoc.4.1; τιθέναι Hdt.5.8; ποιεῖν Th.3.104; οὐ λόγων τοὺς ἀ. προθήσοντες Id.3.67; προηγόρευέ τε ἀγῶνας καὶ ἆθλα προυτίθει X. Cyr.8.2.26; προκαλούμενος ἑαυτὸν εἰς ἀ. Id.Mem.2.3.17; τοὺς ἀ. νικᾶν ib.3.7.1; ἐν τοῖς ἀγῶσι Isoc.15.301; of contests in general, εἰς ἀ. λόγων ἀφικέσθαι τινί Pl.Prt.335a; πρὸς τίν' ἀγῶνας τιθέμεσθ' ἀρετῆς; E. Ion863 (lyr.); ἀ. σοφίας Ar.Ra.883.

III. generally, struggle, πολλοὺς ἀ. ἐξιών, of Hercules, S.Tr.159; ξιφηφόρος ἀ. A.Ch.584; εἰς ἀ. τῷδε συμπεσὼν μάχης S.Tr.20, etc; ὁ Φίλιππος, πρὸς ὀν ἦν ἡμῖν ὁ ἀ. D.18.67; ποιέειν ἢ παθεῖν πρόκειται ἀ. Hdt.7.11; ἀληθείην ἀσκέειν ἀ. μέγιστος ib.209: pl., πραγμάτων ἀγῶνας κεκτημένων Epicur.Sent.21; ἄπορος ἀ. Lys.7.2; ὅπλων ἔκειτ' ἀ. πέρι S.Aj.936; and without περί, τῶν Ἀχιλλείων ὅπλων ἀ. ib.1240; ψυχῆς ἀ. τὸν προκείμενον πέρι struggle for life and death, E.Or.847, cf. Ph.1330; πολλοὺς ἀ. δραμέονται περὶ σφέων αὐτῶν Hdt.8.102; λόγων γὰρ οὐ ..ἁγών, ἀλλὰ σῆς ψυχῆς πέρι S.El.1492, cf.infr.5.

2. battle, action, Th.2.89, etc.

3. action at law, trial, Antipho 6.21, etc., cf. A.Eu.677, 744; εἰς ἀγῶνα καθιστάναι ἀνθρώπους Pl.Ap.24c, R.494e; περὶ τῆς ψυχῆς εἰς ἀγῶνα καταστῆσαί τινα X.Lac.8.4.

4. speech delivered in court or before an assembly or ruler, πρεσβευτικοὶ ἀ. Plb.9.32.4; τοὺς ἐπιφανεστάτους εἰρηκότος ἀ. τούς τε δικανικοὺς καὶ τοὺς δημηγορικούς D.H.Amm.1.3, cf.OGI567 (Attalia, ii A.D.); ἀ. ἐσχηματισμένοι D.H. Rh.8.1, al.

b. Rhet., main argument of a speech (opp.προοίμιον, ἐπίλογος), in pl., Syr.in Hermog.2.111, 170R., cf. Proll. Hermog.ap. Rh.4.12 W.

5. metaph., οὐ λόγων ἔθ' ἁγών now is not the time for words, E.Ph.588; οὐχ ἕδρας ἀ. 'tis no time for sitting still, Id.Or. 1291; ἀ. πρόφασιν οὐ δέχεται the crisis admits no dallying, Ar.Fr. 331, cf. Pl.Cra.421d, Lg.751d; μέγας ὁ ἀ... τὸ χρηστὸν ἢ κακὸν γενέσθαι the issue is great .., Id.R.608b, cf. E.Med.235; οὐ περί τινος ὁ ἀ. the question is not about .., Th.3.44.

6. mental struggle, anxiety, Th.7.71, Plb.4.56.4, Ep.Col.2.1: in pl., τρόμοι καὶ ἀ. Plu. Sol.7.

b. of speakers, vehemence, power, Longin.15.1, cf. 26.3.

IV. personified, Ἀγών, divinity of the contest, Paus.5.26.3.