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ἀναβαίνω, impf. ἀνέβαινον: fut. -βήσομαι: (for aor. 1 v. infr. B): aor. 2 ἀνέβην, imper. ἀνάβηθι, -βῶ, -βῆναι, -βάς: pf. -βέβηκα:—
Med., aor. 1 -εβησάμην, Ep. 3sg. -εβήσετο, v. infr. B:—
Pass., v. infr. 11.2:—
go up, mount, c. acc. loci, οὐρανόν, ὑπερώϊα ἀ. go up to heaven, to the upper rooms, Il.1.497, Od.18.302; φάτις ἀνθρώπους ἀναβαίνει goes up among, ib.6.29; more freq. with Prep., ἀ. εἰς ἐλάτην, ἐς δίφρον, Il.14.287, 16.657; rarely with ἀνά repeated, ἀν' ὀρσοθύρην ἀ. Od.22.132; after Hom., most. freq. with ἐπί, ἀ. ἐπὶ τὰ ὑψηλότατα τῶν ὀρέων Hdt.1.131: c. dat., νεκροῖς ἀ. to trample on the dead, Il.10.493: metaph., ἐπειδὴ ἐνταῦθα ἀναβεβήκαμεν τοῦ λόγου Pl. R.445c.

II. Special usages:

1. mount a ship, go on board, in Hom. mostly abs.; ἐς Τροίην ἀ. embark for Troy, Od.1.210; ἀπὸ Κρήτης ἀ. 14.252; ἐπὶ τὰς ναῦς Th.4.44, etc.: metaph., ἀναβάσομαι στόλον I will mount a prow, Pi.P.2.62.

2. mount on horse-back (cf. ἀναβάτης), ἀ. ἐφ' ἵππον X.Cyr.4.1.7, cf. 7.1.3: abs., ἀναβεβηκώς mounted; ἀναβάντες (abs.) ἐφ' ἵππων ἐλάσαι 3.3.27; ἀ. ἐπὶ τροχόν mount on the wheel of torture, Antipho 5.40.

b. c. acc., ἀ. ἵππον mount a horse, Theopomp.Hist.2:—
Pass., [ἵππος] ὁ μήπω ἀναβαινόμενος that has not yet been mounted, X.Eq.1.1; ἀναβαθείς when mounted, ib.3.4; ἐν ἵππῳ ἀναβεβαμένῳ Id.Eq.Mag. 3.4, cf. 1.4.

3. of land-journeys, go up from the coast into Central Asia, Hdt.5.100, X.An.1.1.2; ἀ. παρὰ βασιλέα Pl.Alc.1.123b.

b. go up to a temple, PPar.47.19, Ev.Luc.18.10; to a town, Ev.Matt.20.18, al., cf. PLond.3.1170b.46 (iii A. D.), etc.; in curses, ἀ. παρὰ Δάματρα πεπρημένος GDI3536.19 (Cnidus), cf. SIG 1180.9 (ibid.).

c. ascend to heaven, Ascens.Is.2.16.

4. of rivers in flood, rise, Hdt.2.13; ἀ. ἐς τὰς ἀρούρας overflow the fields, Id.1.193.

5. of plants, shoot up, ἐπὶ δένδρα X.Oec.19.18; climb on sticks, Thphr.HP8.3.2; generally, shoot, spring up, Ev.Matt.13.7; of hair, X.Smp.4.23.

6. in Att., ἀ. ἐπὶ τὸ βῆμα, or ἀ. alone, mount the tribune, rise to speak, D.18.66, 21.205, Prooem.56; ἀ. εἰς τὸ πλῆθος, εἰς or ἐπὶ τὸ δικαστήριον come before the people, before the court, Pl. Ap.31c, 40b, Grg.486b; ἀ. ἐπὶ τὸν ὀκρίβαντα mount the stage, Id.Smp.194b: abs., ἀνάβαινε Ar.Eq.149; ἀνάβηθι Id.V.963; of witnesses in court, Lys.1.29.

7. of the male, mount, cover, ἀ. τὰς θηλέας Hdt.1.192, cf.Ar.Fr.329; ἀ. ἐπί Ph.1.651, cf. Moer.3:—
Pass., Milet.3.31 (a).6 (vi B. C.).

8. of age, δύο ἀναβεβηκὼς ἔτη τῆς ἡλικίας τῆς ἐμῆς two years older .., Ach. Tat.1.7.

9. ascend to higher knowledge, ἡ ἀναβεβηκυῖα ἐπιστήμη Simp.in Ph.15.34, cf. 9.30; τὰ ἀναβεβηκότα generalities, Sor.2.5.

10. c. acc., surpass, κάλλει τὴν πᾶσαν διακόσμησιν Lyd.Ost.22.

III. of things and events, come to an end, turn out, Hdt.7.10.θ́; ἀπό τινος ἀ. result from, X.Ath. 2.17.

b. ἀ. ἐπὶ καρδίαν enter into one's heart, of thoughts, LXX 4 Ki.12.4, Je.3.16, 1 Ep.Cor.2.9, cf. Ev.Luc.24.38.

2. come to, pass over to, ἐς Αεωνίδην ἀνέβαινεν ἡ βασιληί̈η Hdt.7.205, cf. 1.109.

IV. return to the beginning, of discourse, Democr.144a; go back, ἀναβήσεται ἐπὶ τὰς κτίσεις τῶν προγόνων Hermog.Inv.2.2.

B. aor. ἀνέβησα in causal sense, make to go up, esp. put on shipboard, Il.1.143, Pi.P.4.191; so in aor. Med., νὼ ἀναβησάμενοι having taken us on board with them, Od.15.475: rare in Prose, ἄνδρας ἐπὶ καμήλους ἀνέβησε he mounted men on camels, Hdt.1.80.