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ἀναιρέω, pf. ἀνῄρηκα (ἀνειρ-dub. in Com.Adesp.18.6D.): (v. αἱρέω): —
take up, ἀνελόντες ἀπὸ χθονός having raised the victim from the ground, so as to cut its throat (cf. αὐερύω), Od.3.453.

2. take up and carry off, bear away, esp. prizes, ἀέθλια Il.23.736, cf.551; στεφανηφόρους ἀγῶνας ἀναραιρηκότα Hdt.5.102; Ὀλύμπια ἀναραιρηκώς 6.36, cf. B. 1.1.

3. simply, take up, παῖδα Pi.P.9.61; τὰ ὀστᾶ Th.1.126.

4. take up bodies for burial, ἀνελόντες καὶ κατακλαύσαντες Ar. V.386, cf. X.An.6.4.9; more common in Med., v. infr. B. 1.3.

II. make away with, destroy, of men, kill, Hdt.4.66; πολλοὺς ἀναιρῶν A.Ch.990; σὲ μὲν ἡμετέρα ψ�;φος ἀ. E.Andr.517; θανάτοις ἀ. Pl.Lg. 870d; ἐκ πολιτείας τοιαῦτα θηρία ἀ. Din.3.19, etc.

2. of things, abrogate, annul, ὅρους ἀνεῖλον πολλαχῇ πεπηγότας Sol.36.4; νόμον Aeschin.3.39; διαθήκας Is.1.14; στήλας And.1.103; ἀταξίαν D.3.35, etc.; ἐκ μέσου ἀ. βλασφημίας Id.10.36; τηλικαύτην ἀνελόντας μαρτυρίαν Id.28.5; abolish, τὰς τῶν παρανόμων γραφάς Arist.Ath.29.4:—
Pass., ἀνῄρηνται ὀλιγαρχίαι X.Cyr.1.1.1.

3. destroy an argument, confute it, Arist.; esp. confute directly, opp. διαιρέω (v. ἀναίρεσις 11.4), Arist.SE176b36, al.; ἀ. ἑαυτὸν confute oneself, Olymp.in Mete.25.14.

4. in argument, do away with, τὰς ὑποθέσεις Pl.R.533c; deny, opp. τιθέναι, S.E.P.1.192, al.

III. appoint, ordain, of oracle's answer to inquiry, ὁ θεὸς αὐτοῖς ἀ. παραδοῦναι Th.1.25; οὓς ἂν ὁ θεὸς ἀνέλῃ Pl.Lg.865d, cf. 642d; ἀνεῖλεν θεοῖς οἷς ἔδει θύειν X.An.3.1.6: also c. acc. et inf., ἢν τὸ χρηστήριον ἀνέλῃ μιν βασιλέα εἶναι Hdt.1.13, etc.: abs., answer, give a response, ἀνεῖλε τὸ χρηστήριον ibid.; ἀ. τι περί τινος give an oracle about a thing, Pl.Lg.914a; μαντείας ἀ. D. Ep.1.16:—
Pass., Id.21.51.

B. Med., take up for oneself, take up, pick up, οὐλοχύτας ἀνέλοντο Il.1.449; ἀσπίδα, ἔγχος, 11.32, 13.296; κυνέην Hdt.1.84; δίκτυα Arist. HA602b9; achieve, win, ἀ. τὴν Ὀλυμπιάδα, τὴν νίκην, Hdt.6.70,103, D.H.5.47; generally, ἀ. ἐπιφροσύνας take thought, Od.19.22; εὐδαιμονίαν Pi.N.7.56, cf. Thgn.281; in bad sense, ὄνειδος σπαργάνων ἀ. S.OT 1035; εἴ σ' ἀνελοίμην if I should take thee into my service, Od.18.357; σῖτα ἀ. get forage, Hdt.4.128; ποινὴν τῆς Αἰσώπου ψυχῆς ἀ. exact vengeance for .., Id.2.134.

2. take up and carry off, snatch, κούρας ἀνέλοντο θύελλαι Od.20.66; ἀναιρούμενος οἴκαδε φέρειν Pl.Lg. 914b; ἀνείλατο (for the form cf. Hsch.) δαίμων Epigr.Gr.404.1.

3. take up for burial (cf. A.1.4), Hdt.4.14, Th.4.97, etc.; πατέρων ἀρίστων σώμαθ' ὧν ἀνειλόμην E.Supp.1167; τὰ ὀστέα Hdt.2.41; of the ashes of the dead, πυρὸς ἀ. ἄθλιον βάρος S.El.1140; of one still living, E.Hel. 1616, X.HG6.4.13; τοὺς ναυαγούς ib.1.7.4, cf. 11; τοὺς δέκα στρατηγοὺς τοὺς οὐκ ἀνελομένους τοὺς ἐκ τῆς ναυμαχίας Pl.Ap.32b:—
Pass., ἀναιρεθέντων τῶν νεκρῶν ..ὑγιὴς ἀνῃρέθη Id.R.614b, al.

4. take up in one's arms, Il.16.8: hence, take up new-born children, own them, Plu.Ant.36, cf. Ar.Nu.531; take up an exposed child, Men. Sam.159, cf. BGU1110, etc.

5. conceive in the womb, c. acc., Hdt. 2.108, 6.69.

6. take up money at interest, D.50.17.

7. take up a lease, Michel1359 (Chios). cf. BCH�;7.204.

8. withdraw money from a bank, etc., αὐτὸς ἀνελέσθω IG5(2).159.

II. take upon oneself, undertake, πόνους Hdt.6.108; πόλεμόν τινι war against one, Id.5.36; πολέμους ἀναιρούμεσθα E.Supp.492, cf. D.1.7; ἀ. ἔχθραν Pl.Phdr.233c, D.6.20; ἀ. δημόσιον ἔργον undertake, contract for the execution of a work, Pl.Lg.921d, cf. a, b, D.53.21.

2. accept as one's own, adopt, γνώμην Hdt.7.16.ά; τὰ οὐνόματα τὰ ἀπὸ τῶν βαρβάρων ἥκοντα 2.52; ἀ. φιλοψυχίην entertain a love for life, 6.29.

III. rescind, cancel, συγγραφήν, συνθήκας, etc., D.34.31, 48.46, IG7.3171 (Orchom. Boeot., iii B. C.).