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ἀνδράποδον [δρᾰ], τό, one taken in war and sold as a slave, whether originally slave or free, captive, Hdt.3.125,129,5.31, etc.: orig. dist. from δοῦλος, ὅσοι δὲ ἦσαν ξεῖνοί τε καὶ δοῦλοι ..ἐν ἀνδραπόδων λόγῳ ποιεύμενος εἶχε Id.3.125; τὰ ἀ. πάντα, καὶ δοῦλα καὶ ἐλεύθερα Th.8.28; τὰ ἀ. τὰ δοῦλα πάντα ἀπέδοτο X.HG1.6.15.

II. low fellow, 'creature', Pl.Grg.483b, Thg.130b, X.Mem.4.2.39, D.Chr.31.109; of a female slave, Pherecr.16 D.

III. as a playful mode of address, Arr.Epict.1.4.14, al.—
Hom., Il.7.475, has Ep.dat.pl. ἀνδραπόδεσσι (as if from ἀνδράπους), where Aristarch. proposed to read ἀνδραπόδοισι; but it is almost certain that the word was post-Homeric, and the line was rejected on that account by Zenod. and Ar.Byz. (Orig. pl.; formed on the analogy of τετράποδα, cf. τετραπόδων πάντων καὶ ἀνδραπόδων Foed.Delph.Pell.1.B7. Sg. in X.Ath.1.18, etc.)