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ἀνήρ, ὁ, ἀνδρός, ἀνδρί, ἄνδρα, voc. ἄνερ: pl. ἄνδρες, -δρῶν, -δράσι [ᾰ], -dras: Aeol. dat. pl. ἄνδρεσι Alc.Supp.14.8: late nom. sg. ἄνδρας Cat.Cod.Astr.7.109.7: in Att. the Art. often forms a crasis with the Noun, ἁνήρ for ὁ ἀνήρ, τἀνδρός, τἀνδρί for τοῦ ἀνδρός, etc., ἅνδρες for οἱ ἄνδρες; the Ion. crasis is ὡνήρ, ὧνδρες, Hdt.4.161,134: Ep. also ἀνέρα, ἀνέρος, ἀνέρι, dual ἀνέρε, pl. ἀνέρες, ἀνέρας, ἄνδρεσσι. [Ep. Poets mostly use ᾱ in arsi, ᾰ in thesi; but in trisyll. forms with stem ἀνέρ- always ᾱ; so also Trag. in lyr., S.Tr.1011, OT869. But in Trag. senarians ᾰ always.] (ἀ- in nom. by analogy; cf. Skt. nar- from I.-E. ner-, n- from n-, Gk. ἀνδρ- from r-):—
man, opp. woman (ἄνθρωπος being man as opp. to beast), Il.17.435, Od.21.323; τῶν ἀνδρῶν ἄπαις without male children, Pl.Lg.877e; in Hom. mostly of princes, leaders, etc., but also of free men; ἀ δήμου one of the people, Il.2.198, cf. Od.17.352; with a qualifying word to indicate rank, ἀ. βουληφόρος Il.2.61; ἀ. βασιλεύς Od.24.253; ἡγήτορες ἄ. Il.11.687.

II. man, opp. god, πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε ib.1.544, al.; Διὸς ἄγγελοι ἠδὲ καὶ ἀνδρῶν ib.334, cf. 403, Hdt.5.63, etc.: most common in pl., yet sts. in sg., e.g. Il.18.432:—
freq. with a Noun added, βροτοί, θνητοὶ ἄ., Od.5.197,10.306; ἄ. ἡμίθεοι Il.12.23; ἄ. ἥρωες ib.5.746:—
also of men, opp. monsters, Od.21.303:—
of men in societies and cities, οὔτε παρ' ἀνδράσιν οὔτ' ἐν ναυσὶ κοίλαις Pi.O. 6.10; and so prob., ἄλλοτε μέν τ' ἐπὶ Κύνθου ἐβήσαο .., ἄλλοτε δ' ἂν νήσους τε καὶ ἀνέρας .. h.Ap.142.

III. man, opp. youth, unless the context determines the meaning, as in οὔ πως ἔστι νεωτέρῳ ἀνδρὶ μάχεσθαι ἄνδρα γέροντα Od.18.53; but ἀ. alone always means a man in the prime of life, esp. warrior, ἀ. ἕλεν ἄνδρα Il.15.328; so ἀ. ἀντ' ἀνδρὸς ἐλύθησαν Th.2.103; the several ages are given as παῖς, μειράκιον, ἀ., πρεσβύτης X.Smp.4.17; εἰς ἄνδρας ἐγγράφεσθαι, συντελεῖν, D.19.230, Isoc.12.212; εἰς ἄνδρας ἀναβῆναι BMus.Inscr.898; in Inscrr. relating to contests, opp. παῖδες, IG22.1138.10, etc.

IV. man emphatically, man indeed, ἀνέρες ἄστε, φίλοι Il.5.529; freq. in Hdt., πολλοὶ μὲν ἄνθρωποι, ὀλίγοι δὲ ἄνδρες 7.210; πρόσθεν οὐκ ἀ. ὅδ' ἦν; S.Aj.77; ἄνδρα γίγνεσθαί σε χρή E.El.693; ἀ. γεγένησαι δι' ἐμέ Ar.Eq.1255; ὃ μαθὼν ἀ. ἔσει Id.Nu.823; ἄνδρας ἡγοῦνται μόνους τοὺς πλεῖστα δυναμένους καταφαγεῖν Id.Ach.77; εἰ ἄνδρες εἶεν οἱ στρατηγοί Th.4.27; οὐκέτι ἀ. ἀλλὰ σκευοφόρος X.Cyr.4.2.25; τὸν Αυκομήδην ..μόνον ἄνδρα ἡγοῦντο Id.HG7.1.24; οὐκ ἐν ἀνδράσι not like a man, E.Alc.723, cf. 732; ἀνδρὸς τὰ προσπίπτοντα γενναίως φέρειν 'tis the part of a man .., Men.771, etc.

V. husband, Il.19.291, Od.24.196, Hdt.1.146, etc.; εἰς ἀνδρὸς ὥραν ἡκούσης τῆς κόρης Pl. Criti.113d; so ἐξοικιεῖν εἰς ἀνδρὸς [οἶκον] θυγατέρα Luc.Lex.11:—
also of a paramour, opp. πόσις, S.Tr.551, cf. E.Hipp.491, Theoc.15.131; ἀ. ἁπασῶν τῶν γυναικῶν ἐστι νῦν Pherecr.155; αἰγῶν ἄνερ Theoc.8.49.

VI. Special usages:

1. joined with titles, professions, etc., ἰητρὸς ἀ. Il.11.514; ἀ. μάντις, ἀ. στρατηγός, Hdt.6.83,92 (dub.); ἀ. νομεύς S.OT1118; ἄνδρες λοχῖται, λῃσταί, ἀσπιστῆρες, ib.751,842, Aj.565; esp. in disparagement, κλῶπες ἄ. E.Rh.645; ἀ. δημότης S. Ant.690; with names of nations, as Φοίνικες ἄ. Hdt.4.42; ἀ. Θρῇξ E. Hec.19,al.; esp. in addresses, ἄ. ἔφοροι Hdt.9.9; ἄ. πολῖται S.OT 513; ἄ. δικασταί D.21.1, etc.; ὦ ἄνδρες gentlemen of the jury, Antipho 1.1, Lys.1.1, etc.; ὦ ἄ. Ἀθηναῖοι Id.6.8, etc.: hence in Comedy, ἄ. ἰχθύες Archipp.29; ἄ. θεοί Luc.JTr.15; ὦ ἄ. κύνες Ath.4.160b.

2. ὁ ἀνήρ, by crasis Att. ἁνήρ, Ion. ὡνήρ, is freq. used emphatically for αὐτός, ἐκεῖνος Ar.V.269, prob. in Pl.Sph.216b, etc.: sts. so in oblique cases without the Art., S.Tr.55, 109, 293, etc.; but not in Prose.

3. ἀ. ὅδε, ὅδ' ἀ., in Trag., = ἐγώ, S.Aj.78, E.Alc.690, etc.

4. πᾶς ἀ. every man, every one, freq. in Pl.Lg.736c, al., cf. E.Or. 1523.

5. a man, any man, εἶτ' ἄνδρα τῶν αὑτοῦ τι χρὴ προϊέναι; Ar.Nu.1214; οὐ πρέπει νοῦν ἔχοντι ἀνδρί Pl.Phd.114d, etc.; οὐ παντὸς ἀνδρὸς ..ἐσθ' ὁ πλοῦς 'tis not every one that can go, Nicol.Com. 1.26.

6. ὦ δαιμόνι' ἀνδρῶν Eup.316; and often with a Sup., ὦ φίλτατ' ἀνδρῶν Phryn.Com.80, etc.

7. κατ' ἄνδρα viritim, Isoc. 12.180, POxy.1047 iii 11, BGU145.5, etc.; so τοὺς κατ' ἄνδρα individuals, opp. κοινῇ τὴν πόλιν, D.Chr.32.6.

8. In LXX, ἀνήρ = ἕκαστος, δότε μοι ἀνὴρ ἐνώτιον Jd.8.24; ἀ. τῷ ἀδελφῷ αὐτοῦ προσκολληθήσεται 'each to his fellow', of leviathan's scales, Jb.41.8; also ἀ. εἷς 4 Ki.6.2; with negs., ἀ. μὴ ἐπισκεπήτω ib.10.19; ἀνὴρ ἀνήρ any one, Le. 15.2.

9. ἄνδρας γράφειν: τὸ ἐν διδασκάλου τὰ παιδία ὀνόματα γράφειν, Hsch.

VII. male animal, Arist.HA637b15.