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ἀντίος, ία, ίον, (ἀντί) set against, and so,

I. in local sense, face to face, opposite, ἀντίοι ἔσταν ἅπαντες Il.1.535; ἀντίος ἦλθε θέων went to meet them, 6.54; ἡ δ' οὐκ ἀθρῆσαι δύνατ' ἀντίη though she faced him, Od.19.478; esp. in battle, Il.11.216, etc.: ἐχώρεον ..οἱ Πέρσαι ἀντίοι Hdt.9.62; ἐκ τοῦ ἀντίου προσφέρεσθαι X.Cyr.1.4.8; ἀντίος ἐλαύνειν ibid.; ἐκ τῆς ἀντίης προσπλέειν Hdt.8.6; κατ' ἀντίον Hp. VC11:—
freq. c. gen., which often precedes, Ἀγαμέμνονος ἀντίος ἐλθών Il.11.231, cf. 5.301, 7.98; but also follows, ἀ. ἦλθεν ἄνακτος Od.16.14, cf. Il.17.31, etc.: less freq. in Hom. c. dat., ὅς ῥά οἱ ἀ. ἦλθε 15.584, cf. 7.20; but mostly so after Hom., ἀντίαι ἵζοντο τοῖσι Πέρσῃσι Hdt.5.18, cf. Pi.N.10.79, E.Supp.667, X.An.1.8.17, etc.; ἀ. ἐς .. h.Merc.345; = διάμετρος, Man.3.339.

b. direct, opp. πλάγιος, Antyll. ap. Orib.44.23.9, cf. Heliod.ib.28.

2. opposite, contrary, τὸν ἀ. τοῖσδε λόγον A.Ag.499; τούτοις ἀντία opinions opposed to these, E.Supp.466; ἁδεῖα μὲν ἀντία δ' οἴσω with pleasure [I speak], though I shall offer reproof, S.Tr.122; οἱ ἀντίοι, = οἱ ἐναντίοι, Pi.P. 1.45 (so later, PTeb.43.21 (ii B.C.)); εἰς τὸ ἀντίον X.Eq.12.12; also λόγοι ἀντίοι ἢ οὓς ἤκουον words the very reverse of those I have heard, Id.An.6.6.34.

II. as Adv. in neut. ἀντία and ἀντίον, against, over against, abs., ἀντίον ἷζεν Od.14.79, cf. 17.334, etc.: more freq. like a Prep. c. gen., ἀντί̓ ἐμεῖο στήσεσθαι Il.21.481; ἀντία δεσποίνης φάσθαι before her, Od.15.377; so ἀντία σευ in thy presence, Hdt.7.209, cf. 1.133; ἀντίον τοῦ μεγάρου facing it, Id.5.77; τὰς καμήλους ἔταξε ἀντία τῆς ἵππου Id.1.80, cf. 3.160, al.; τἀνδρὸς ἀντίον μολεῖν S.Tr.785: so,

2. against, ὅς τις σέθεν ἀντίον εἴπῃ Il.1.230; ἀντίον αὐτῶν φωνὴν ἱέναι Hdt.2.2; ἐρίζειν ἀντία τοῖς ἀγαθοῖς Pi.P.4.285: c. dat., ἰέναι ἀντία τοῖσι Πέρσῃσι ἐς μάχην Hdt.7.236; ὕδωρ καπνῷ φέρειν ἀντίον Pi.N.1.25.

3. in the phrase τὸν δ' ἀντίον ηὔδα answered, Od.15.48, etc. (more freq. in Od. than Il.).

4. ἀντία εἶναι to be present, help, of a god, Milet.7p.64 (ii/iii A.D.).—
The word is almost confined to Poets and Ion. Prose; in Att. Prose ἐναντίος is preferred, though X. uses ἀντίος.