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ἀποδίδωμι, fut. -δώσω: aor. 1 ἀπέδωκα: aor. 2 ἀπέδων A.D.Synt. 276.9, shortened inf. ἀποδοῦν prob. in Hsch.:—
give up or back, restore, return, τινί τι Hom., etc.: esp. render what is due, pay, as debts, penalties, submission, honour, etc., τοκεῦσι θρέπτρα Il.4.478; ἀ. τινὶ λώβην give him back his insuit, i.e. make atonement for it, ib.9.387 (tm.); τὴν πλημμέλειαν LXXNu.5.7; εὖ ἔρδοντι κακὴν ἀ. ἀμοιβήν Thgn.1263; ἀ. τὴν ὁμοίην τινί Hdt.4.119; ἀμοιβάς Democr.92; κακὸν ἀντ' ἀγαθοῦ Id.93; ἀ. τὸ μόρσιμον pay the debt of fate, Pi.N.7.44; τὸ χρέος Hdt.2.136; τὸν ναῦλον Ar.Ra.270; τὴν ζημίαν, τὴν καταδίκην, Th.3.70, 5.50; τὴν φερνήν PEleph.1.11 (iv B. C.); εὐχάς X.Mem.2.2.10; ἀ. ὀπίσω ἐς Ἡρακλείδας τὴν ἀρχήν Hdt.1.13, etc.; πόλεις ἀ. τοῖς παρακαταθεμένοις Aeschin.3.85; ἀ. χάριτας Lys.31.24; οὐκ ἐς χάριν ἀλλ' ἐς ὀφείλημα τὴν ἀρετ ὴν ἀ. Th.2.40; ἀ. χάριν τινός Isoc.6.73; [τὴν πόλιν] ἀ. τοῖς ἐπιγιγνομένοις οἵανπερ παρὰ τῶν πατέρων παρελάβομεν X.HG7.1.30:—
Pass., ἔως κ' ἀπὸ πάντα δοθείη Od.2.78; ἀ. μισθός, χάριτες, Ar.Eq.1066, Th.3.63.

2. assign, ταῖς γυναιξὶ μουσικὴν καὶ γυμναστικήν Pl.R.456b; τὸ δίκαιον καὶ τὸ συμφέρον Arist.Rh.1354b3, cf. 1356a15; τὸ πρὸς ἀλκὴν ὅπλον ἀ. ἡφύσις Id.GA759b3, etc.

b. refer to one, as belonging to his department, εἰς τοὺς κριτὰς τὴν κρίσιν Pl.Lg.765b; ἀ. εἰς τὴν βουλὴν περὶ αὐτῶν refer their case to the Council, Isoc.18.6, cf. Lys.22.2, etc.

3. render, yield, of land, ἐπὶ διηκόσια ἀποδοῦναι (sc. καρπόν) yield fruit two hundred-fold, Hdt.1.193; τἅλλα δ' ἅν τις καταβάλη ἀπέδωκεν ὀρθεῶς Men.Georg.38; ἤν ἡ χώρη κατὰ λόγον ἐπιδιδοῖ ἐς ὕψος καὶ τὸ ὅμοιον ἀποδιδοῖ ἐς αὔξησιν renders, makes a like increase in extent, Hdt.2.13:—
hence perh. metaph., τὸ ἔργον ἀ. Arist.EN1106a16; ἀ. δάκρυ E.HF489.

4. concede, allow, c. inf., suffer or allow a person to do, ἀ. τισὶ αὐτονομεῖσθαι Th.1.144, cf. 3.36; εἰ δὲ τοῖς μὲν ..ἐπιτάττειν ἀποδώσετε D.2.30; ἀ. κολάζειν Id.23.56; τῷ δικαστηρίῳ ἀποδίδοται τοῦ φόνου τὰς δίκας δικάζειν Lys.1.30; ἀ. τινὶ ζητεῖν Arist.Pol.1341b30, cf. Po.1454b5; also οὔτε ἀπολογίας ἀποδοθείσης And.4.3; ἐπειδὰν αὐτοῖς ὁ λόγος ἀποδοθῆ when right of speech is allowed them, Aeschin.3.54.

5. ἀ. τινά with an Adj., render or make so and so, like ἀποδείκνυμι, ἀ. τὴν τέρψιν βεβαιοτέραν Isoc.1.46; τέλειον ἀ. τὸ τέκνον Arist.GA733b1; δεῖ τὰς ἐνεργείας ποιὰς ἀ. Id.EN 1103b22; μετριωτέραν τὴν ὑπερηφανίαν D.H.7.16.

b. exhibit, display, τὴν ὑπάρχουσαν ἀρετήν And.1.109; ἀ. τὴν ἰδίαν μορφήν render, express it, Arist.Po.1454b10; ἀ. φαντασίαν τινός present appearance of, Phld.Ir.p.71 W., al.

6. deliver over, give up, e.g. as a slave, E. Cyc.239; ἀ. τὸν μιαρὸν τῶ χρόνῳ φῆναι Antipho 4.4.11.

7. ἀ. ἐπιστολήν deliver a letter, Th.7.10, cf. E.IT745.

8. ἀ. τὸν ἀγῶνα ὀρθῶς καὶ καλῶς bring it to a conclusion, Lycurg.149.

9. λόγον ἀ. render an account, D.27.48:—
Pass., μαρτυρίαι ἀ. Test. ap. D.18.137.

10. ἀ. ὅρκον, v. ὅρκος.

11. give an account or definition of a thing, explain it, E.Or.150; ἀ. τί ἐστί τι Arist.Cat.2b8, cf. 1a10, Metaph.1040b30, al.; ἑπομένως τούτοις ἀ. τὴν ψυχήν Id.de.An.405a4, cf. Ph.194b34, al.; also, use by way of definition, ὁ μὲν τὴν ὕλην ἀποδίδωσιν, ὁ δὲ τὸ εἶδος Id.de An.403b1; simply, define, τὸν ἄνθρωπον S.E.M.7.272; expound, Phld.D.3.14, cf. Epicur.Nat.14.3, 119G., 143 G.; render, interpret one word by another, ἀ. τὴν κοτύλην ἄλεισον Ath.11.479c; explain, interpret, τὸ "φωνὴν αἵματος βοᾶν" Ph.1.209:—
Pass., βέλτιον ἀποδοθήσεται Epicur.Ep.1 P.15 U.; ἀκριβεστέρως ἀποδοθήσεται A.D.Synt.45.21; ἀ. τι πρός τι use with reference to, Olymp.in Mete.281.10, cf. Sch.Ar.Pl.538.

12. attach or append, make dependent upon, τί τινι or εἴς τι Hero Aut.24.5, 6, 2.

13. ἀ. τί τινος assign a property to a thing, Arist.Top.128b28.

II. intr., return, recur, Id.GA722a8, HA585b32.

2. Rhet. and Gramm., introduce a clause answering to the πρότασις, Id.Rh.1407a20; διὰ μακροῦ ἀ. D.H.Dem.9, etc.; cf. ἀπόδοσις 11.2; οὐκ ἀποδίδωσι τὸ ἐπεί has no apodosis, Sch.Od.3.103; esp. in similes, complete the comparison, Arist.Rh.1413a11.

3. in Tactics, turn back to face the enemy, εἰς ὀρθόν Ascl.Tact.10.12, etc.

4. Medic. in Pass., to be evacuated, σὺν τοῖς περιττώμασιν Dsc.4.82.

III. Med., give away of one's own will, sell, Ar.Av.585, Hdt.1.70, etc.; ἀ. τι ἐς τὴν Ἑλλάδα take to Greece and sell it there, Id.2.56: c. gen. pretii, Ar.Ach.830, Pax1237; οὐκ ἄν ἀπεδόμην πολλοῦ τὰς ἐλπίδας Pl.Phd.98b; ἀ. τῆς ἀξίας, τοῦ εὑρίσκοντος, sell for its worth, for what it will fetch, Aeschin.1.96; ὅταν τις οἰκέτην πονηρὸν πωλῆ (= offer for sale) καὶ ἀποδῶται τοῦ εὑρόντος X.Mem.2.5.5, cf. Thphr. Char.15.4; διδοῦσι [τὰς νέας] πενταδράχμους ἀποδόμενοι Hdt.6.89; ἀ. εἰσαγγελίαν sell, i.e. take a bribe to forgo, the information, D.25.47; οἱ δραχμῆς ἄν ἀποδόμενοι τὴν πόλιν X.HG 2.3.48; at Athens, esp. farm out the public taxes, D.20.60, opp. ὠνέομαι: metaph., οἷον πρὸς ἄργυρον τὴν δόξαν τὰς ψυχάς Jul.Or.1.42b:—
Act. and Med. are distinguished in Lex ap.And.1.97 πάντα ἀποδόμενος τὰ ἡμίσεα ἀποδώσω τῷ ἀποκτείναντι: but Act. is used in med. sense in Th.6.62 (s.v.l.), cf. Foed.Delph.Pell. 2 A 22, and possibly in E.Cyc.239, Ar.Ra.1235: Med. for Act. in Antipho Fr.54:—
Pass., to be sold, Hsch.