Previous: ἀποδυτήριονNext: ἀποδωρέω


ἀπο-δύω,

I. in fut. -δύσω, aor. 1 -έδῡυσα (for pf. -δέδῡκα v. infr. 11.1), trans. used by Hom. (esp. in Il.) of stripping armour from the slain,

1. c. acc. rei, strip off, τεύχεα δ' Ἕκτωρ δηώσας ἀπέδυσε Il.18.83, cf. 4.532, etc.; ἀπὸ μὲν φίλα εἵματα δύσω 2.261; ἀ. τί τινος Pl.Chrm.154e.

2. c. acc. pers., strip, ἀπέδυσε τὰς ..γυναῖκας Hdt.5.92.ή, cf. Pl.Epigr.12.3; ἵνα μὴ ῥιγῶν ἀποδύη (sc. τοὺς ὁδοιπόρους) Ar.Av.712, cf. Th.636, Ec.668: c. dupl. acc., τὴν ἐσθῆτά τινα ἀ. Luc.Nigr.13:—
Pass., to be stripped of one's clothes, οὔ τοι τοῦτον ἀποδυθήσομαι (sc. τὸν τρίβωνα) Ar.V.1122; ἵνα μή ποτε κἀποδυθῆ μεθύων Id.Ra.715, cf. Pl.930; θοἰμάτιον ἀποδεδύσθαι Lys. 10.10; ἀποδυόμενος stripped of its shell, of the nautilus, Arist.HA 622b18.

II. Med., fut. -δύσομαι: aor. 1 -εδυσάμην Od.5.349 (v.l.), Pl.R.612a(v.l.), Lys.Fr.232S., etc.; mostly with intr. aor. 2 Act. ἀπέδυν, pf. ἀποδέδῡκα (used trans. by X.An.5.8.23 πολλοὺς ἤδη ἀποδέδυκεν):—
strip off oneself, take off, εἵματα ταῦτ' ἀποδύς Od.5.343; ἀπόδυθι ..θοἰμάτιον Ar.Th.214; τῶν ἱματίων ἀποδύσας (aor. 2 part. pl. fem.) having stripped off some of them, ib.656; σῶμ' ἀποδυσάμενος Epigr.Gr.403 (Galatia): metaph., ἀ. τὴν ὑπόκρισιν J.AJ13.7.1.

2. abs., ἀποδυσάμενος having stripped, v.l. for ἀπολυσ-, Od.5.349; ἀποδύντες stripped naked, Th.1.6, cf. Pl.Mx.236d: metaph., ἀποδύεσθαι πρὸς τὸ λέγειν, εἰς ἀγορανομίαν, Plu.Dem.6, Brut.15; οἱ ἀποδυόμενοι εἰς τὴν παλαίστραν those who strip for the palaestra, who practise there, Lys.Fr.45.1; εἰς τὸ γυμνάσιον IG14.256 (Phintias); πρὸς τὸ ἀχανὲς πέλαγος Jul.Or.4.142c; ἀποδύντες τοῖς ἀναπαίστοις ἐπίωμεν let us strip and attack the anapaests, Ar.Ach.627, cf. Ra.641.