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ἀπο-κόπτω, cut off, hew off, freq. in Hom., of men's limbs, κάρη ἀπέκοψε Il.11.261; ἀπό τ' αὐχένα κόψας ib.146, al.; in Prose, χεῖρας ἀ. Hdt.6.91, etc.; ἀγκύρας X.HG1.6.21; γεφύρας Plu.Nic.26; amputate, Archig. ap. Orib.47.13.2; νηῶν ἀποκόψειν ἄκρα κόρυμβα Il.9.241; ἀπὸ πείσματ' ἔκοψα νεός Od.10.127; ἀί̈ξας ἀπέκοψε παρήορον he cut loose the trace-horse, Il.16.474:—
Pass., ἀποκεκόψονται, of buds, will be cut off, Ar.Nu.1125, cf. M.Ant.11.8; ἀ. τὴν χεῖρα have it cut off, Hdt.6.114; ἀ.τὰ γεννητικά, of eunuchs, Ph.1.89: abs., ἀποκεκομμένος eunuch, LXXDe.23.1, cf.Luc.Eun.8:—
Med., make oneself a eunuch, Ep.Gal.5.12, cf. Arr.Epict.2.20.19.

2. metaph., ἀπ' ἐλπίδα φημὶ κεκόφθαι ναυτιλίης νόστου τε A.R.4.1272, cf. Plb.3.63.8; έ̓λεον D.S.13.23; ἀ. τὸ ἀμφίβολον τῆς γνώμης decide summarily, Alciphr.1.8; also ἀποκοπῆναι τῆς ἐλπίδος Plu.Pyrrh.2; διὰ τὸ μὴ ἀποκόπτειν τὴν πολυχρόνιον ζωήν exclude from the reckoning, despair of, Phld.Herc.1251.22; reject, exclude, Id.Sign.7, D.3.13:—
Med., dub.in Phld.Mort.23.

3. esp. of voice or breath, cut short, τὸν τοῦ πνεύματος τόνον D.H.Comp.14, cf. 22:—
Pass., ἀποκέκοπταί τινι ἡ φωνή Plu.Dem.25, cf. Dsc.Eup.1.85.

4. of literary periods or phrases, bring to an abrupt close, δεῖ τῆ μακρᾶ -κόπτεσθαι Arist.Rh. 1409a19, cf. Demetr.Eloc.18,238.

5. Gramm., in Pass., to be cut short by ἀποκοπή (q.v.), Eust.487.10, EM609.54.

6. abstract an idea or word from its context, τὸ "ἀγαθὸς" ἀποκοπέν Anon.in SE57.31.

II. ἀ. τινὰ ἀπὸ τόπου beat off from a strong place, of soldiers, X.An.3.4.39, 4.2.10.

III. Med., smite the breast in mourning: c. acc., mourn for, νεκρόν E.Tr.628.