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ἀπολύω [v. λύω], fut. -λύσω, etc.: fut. Pass. ἀπολελύσομαι X.Cyr. 6.2.37:—
loose from, ἱμάντα θοῶς ἀπέλυσε κορώνης Od.21.46; ὄφρ' ἀπὸ τοίχους λῦσε κλύδων τρόπιος the sides of the ship from the keel, ib.12.420; undo, ἀπὸ κρήδεμνον ἔλυσεν ib.3.392; ἐπιδέσματα Hp. Fract.25.

2. set free, release, relieve from, ἀ. τινὰ τῆς φρουρῆς Hdt. 2.30; τῆς ἐπιμελείας X.Cyr.8.3.47; τῶν ἐκεῖ κακῶν Pl.R.365a; τὴν ψυχὴν ἀπὸ τῆς τοῦ σώματος κοινωνίας Id.Phd.65a, cf. 67a; ἀ. τῆς μετρήσεως save them from the trouble of measuring, Arist.Pol.1257a40:—
Pass., to be set free, τῶν δεινῶν, φόβου, Th.1.70, 7.56, etc.

b. freq. in legal sense, ἀ. τῆς αἰτίης acquit of the charge, Hdt.9.88, X.An.6.6.15; opp. καταψηφίζω, Democr.262; τῆς εὐθύνης Ar.V.571: c. inf., ἀ. τινὰ μὴ φῶρα εῖ̓ναι acquit of being a thief, Hdt.2.174; so ἀπολύεται μὴ ἀδικεῖν Th.1.95, cf. 128: abs., acquit, Ar.V.988,1000, Lys.20.20, etc.

II. in Il. always, = ἀπολυτρόω, release on receipt of ransom, οὐδ' ἀπέλυσε θύγατρα καὶ οὐκ ἀπεδέξατ' ἄποινα 1.95; Ἕκτορ' ἔχει ..οὐδ' ἀπέλυσεν 24.115, al.:—
Med., set free by payment of ransom, ransom, redeem, χαλκοῦ τε χρυσοῦ τ' ἀπολυσόμεθ' at a price of .., Il.22.50 (but Act. in Prose, ἀπολύειν πολλῶν χρημάτων X.HG4.8.21).

2. let go, let alone, leave one, of an illness, Hp.Coac.564.

III. discharge, disband an army, ἀ. οἴκαδε X.HG6.5.21; generally, dismiss, discharge, ἐμὲ ..ἀπέλυσ' ἄδειπνον Ar.Ach. 1155, cf. Bion 1.96.

2. divorce a wife, Ev.Matt.1.19, etc.; τὸν ἄνδρα D.S.12.18.

3. do away with, remove, αἰσχύνην D.20.47:—
Pass., Antipho 2.1.5.

4. discharge or pay a debt, Pl.Cra.417b; pay, ἀ. τὸν χαλκόν PTeb.490 (i B. C.); pay off a mortgage, POxy.509.15.

5. dismiss a charge, εἰσαγγελία ὑπὸ τοῦ κατηγόρου ἀπολελυμένη Hyp.Eux.38.

IV. ἀ. ἀνδράποδα Θρᾳξίν sell, Antipho 5.20; ἀ. οἰκίαν τινί sell a mortgaged house outright, Is.6.33.

V. deliver, τί τινι PFlor. 123.2 (iii A. D.): —
Pass., ib.228.6 (iii A. D.).

VI. begin to count, [μοίρας] ἀπό .. Vett. Val. 135: abs., Id.19.19, Paul.Al.Q.2.

VII. intr., depart (cf. B.IV, C. 2), Plb.3.69.14, al.

B. Med. with aor. 2 ἀπελύμην (in pass. sense), Opp.C.3.128:—
redeem, v. supr. A.11.

II. ἀπολύεσθαι διαβολάς do away with, refute calumnies against one, Th.8.87, Pl.Ap.37b, al.: abs., Arist.Rh.1416b9.

2. τὴν αἰτίαν, τὰς βλασφημίας, τὰ κατηγορημένα, Th.5.75, D. 15.2, 18.4: c. gen., τῶν εἰς Ἀριστόβουλον -σασθαι J.AJ15.3.5.

b. refute, τοὺς ἐναντίους λόγους Dam.Pr.126 ter: abs., ὁ δὲ ἀπολυόμενος ἔφη in defence, Hdt.8.59.

III. like Act., acquit, τοῦ μὴ κακῶς ἔχειν ἀλλ' ὀρθῶς Pl.Lg.637c.

2. release from, τοὺς Ἕλληνας ἀ. δουλείας Id.Mx.245a.

IV. like Pass. (c. 11), depart, S.Ant.1314; also, put off, πνεῦμα ἀ. AP9.276 (Crin.); but πνεῦμα μελῶν ἀπέλυε IG14.607e (Carales).

C. Pass., to be released, ἐλπίζων τοὺς υἱέας τῆς στρατηί̈ης ἀπολελύσθαι from military service, Hdt.4.84, cf. X.Cyr.6.2.37; τῆς ἀρχῆς ἀπολυθῆναι βουλόμενοι to be freed from their rule, Th.2.8; τῶν δεινῶν μηδέποτε οἴεσθαι ἀπολυθήσεσθαι Id.1.70; τῆς ὑποψίας Antipho 2.4.3; τῆς μιαρίας ib. 3.11: abs., to be acquitted, Th.6.29; to be absolved from, τῶν ἀδικημάτων Pl.Phd.113d.

II. of combatants, to be separated, part, οὐ ῥᾳδίως ἀπελύοντο Th.1.49; generally, to be separated or detached, ἀλλήλων or ἀπ' ἀλλήλων, Arist.Metaph.1031b3, Ph.185a28; ἀ. τὰ ᾠὰ τῆς ὑστέρας Id.GA754b18, al.; ἀπολελυμένος, abs., detached, αἰδοῖον, γλῶττα, ὄρχεις, Id.HA500b2, 533a27, 535b2; τὴν γλῶτταν ἀ. having its tongue detached, Id.Fr.319, al.; also, distinct, differentiated, Id.HA497b22.

2. depart, ἔθανες, ἀπελύθης, S.Ant.1268 (lyr.), cf. Plb.6.58.4, al., LXX Nu.20.29, al.; cf. supr. B. IV.

III. of a child, to be brought forth, Hp.Superf.11, cf. 24, Arist.GA745b11; of the mother, to be delivered, Hp.Epid.2.2.17.

IV. to be annulled, Arist. EN1156a22.

V. ἀπολελυμένος, η, ον, absolute, esp. in Gramm., D.T. 636.15, A.D.Synt.97.20, al.: also, general, of meaning, Olymp.Alch. p.72B.

VI. of metres, irregular, without strophic responsion, Heph.Poëm.5.