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ἀπο-σπάω, fut. -σπάσω [ᾰ], tear or drag away from, τινός S.Aj.1024, Pl.R. 491b, etc.; ἀ. τινὰ ἀπὸ γυναικὸς καὶ τέκνων Hdt.3.1, cf. 102; ἀποσπάσας..περόνας ἀπ' αὐτῆς S.OT1268; μή μου τὸ τέκνον ἐκ χερῶν ἀποσπάσῃς E.Hec.277: rarely ἀ. τινά τι tear a thing from one, S.OC 866; ἀ. τινά tear him away, Hdt.6.91; ἀ. τι τῆς λείας detach, abstract some of it, Plb.2.26.8: metaph., ἀ. τινὰ ἐλπίδος S.OT1432; and reversely also ἀ. τῆς φρενὸς αἵ μοι μόναι παρῆσαν ἐλπίδων Id.El.809; detach, withdraw, πλήρωμα a gang of labourers, PPetr.3p.129 (iii B.C.); τινὰ ἀπό τινος BGU1125.9 (i B.C.), cf. infr. 5; μαθητάς Act.Ap.20.30; ἀ. πολίτας τῆς θαλάσσης Plu.Them.19; ἀπὸ τοῦ φρονεῖν τινά Ar.Ra.962:—
Med., τὴν μάχην οὕτω μακρὰν τῆς ναυτικῆς βοηθείας Plu.Pomp.76:—
Pass., to be dragged away, detached, separated from, τινός Pi.P.9.33, E.Alc.287, etc.; ἐξ ἱροῦ Hdt.1.160; ἀπὸ τῶν ἱερῶν Th.3.81; of a bone, to be torn off, Hp.Art.13; ἀκρώμιον -σπασθέν Id.Mochl.6.

2. ἀ. τινὰ κόμης drag away by the hair, A. Supp.909.

3. ἀ. πύλας, θύρας, tear off the gates, doors, Hdt.1.17, 3.159, etc.: metaph., πινακηδὸν ἀποσπῶν [ῥήματα] Ar.Ra.824.

4. ἀ. τὸ στρατόπεδον draw off, divert the army, X.HG1.3.17: abs., ἀποσπάσας having drawn off, Id.An.7.2.11:—
Pass., of troops, to become separated or broken, Th.7.80, Plb.1.27.9.

5. withdraw, reclaim, POxy.496.9.

6. ἀπεσπασμένος, ὁ, eunuch, LXXLe.22.24.

II. intr. (sc. ἑαυτόν), separate (i.e. be separated) from, Ael. NA10.48, Luc.Icar.11, D.C.56.22; and in X.An.1.5.3 the best Mss. give πολὺ γὰρ ἀπέσπα (for ἀπέπτα) φεύγουσα [στρουθός].