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ἀπο-στρέφω, Dor. aor. ἀποστράψαι SIG 244 ii 16(Delph.); Ion. aor. ἀποστρέψασκε Il.22.197, etc.: pf. ἀπέστροφα LXX 1 Ki.6.21:—
Pass. and Med., fut. -στρέψομαι X.Cyr.5.5.36, Plu.2.387c: aor. -εστράφην [ᾰ], S.OC1272, etc.; later -εστρεψάμην LXXHo.8.3, prob. in Ar.Nu.776: fut. -στρᾰφήσομαι LXXNu.25.4, al.: pf. -έστραμμαι Hdt.1.166, etc.: Ion. 3pl. plpf. -εστράφατο ibid.; -έστρεμμαι PSI4.392.11 (iii B.C.): —
turn back: hence, either turn to flight, ὄφρ' ..Ἀχαιοὺς αὖτις ἀποστρέψῃσιν Il.15.62, etc., cf. Hdt. 8.94; or turn back from flight, X.Cyr.4.3.1; send home again, Th.4.97, 5.75; ῥῆμα bring back word, LXX4 Ki.22.9; ἀποστρέψαντε πόδας καὶ χεῖρας having twisted back the hands and feet so as to bind them, Od.22.173,190,cf. S.OT1154; τὸν ὦμον Ar.Eq.263; ἀποστρέφετε τὰς χεῖρας αὐτῶν, ὦ Σκύθαι Ar.Lys.455; ἀ. τὸν αὐχένα Hdt.4.188; guide back again, ἀποστρέψαντες ἔβαν νέας Od.3.162; ἴχνι' ἀποστρέψας having turned the steps of the oxen backwards so as to make it appear that they had gone the other way, h.Merc.76; turn away, avert, αὐχέν' ἀποστρέψας Thgn.858; ἀπέστρεψ' ἔμπαλιν παρηί̈δα E.Med. 1148; but τὸ πρόσωπον πρός τινα Plu.Publ.6; bring back, recall, ἐξ ἰσθμοῦ X.An.2.6.3; φῶτας ἀπέστρεψεν Περσεφόνης θαλάμων [Emp.] 156.4.

2. turn away or aside, divert, v.l. in Th.4.80, etc.; ὕδατα cut off water from a besieged town, Ph.Bel.97.4; τὸν Κάϋστρον SIG 839.14(Ephesus); τὸν πόλεμον ἐς Μακεδονίαν Arr.An.2.1.1; avert a danger, an evil, etc., πῆμ' ἀ. νόσου A.Ag.850(Porson); prevent, Dsc. 2.136; rebut, δίκην Ar.Nu.776(v. supr.); ἀ. τύχην μὴ οὐ γενέσθαι Antipho6.15 codd.; ἀ. εἰς τοὐναντίον τοὺς λόγους Pl.Sph.239d; τὰς πράξεις εἰς τοὺς ἀντιδίκους Arist.Rh.Al.1442b6.

3. ἀ. τινά τινος dissuade from, X.Eq.Mag.1.12; τινὰ ἀπὸ τοῦ λήμματος Din.2.23; πότων ἀ. τοὺς στομάχους D.H.Dem.15.

II. as if intr. (sc. ἑαυτόν, ἵππον, ναῦν, etc.), turn back, Th.6.65; ἀ. ὀπίσω Hdt.4.43; ἀ. πάλιν S.OC 1403.

2. turn away or aside, Hdt.8.87; of a river, Id.4.52; τἀναντία ἀ. X.HG3.4.12.

B. Pass., to be turned back, ἀπεστράφθαι τοὺς ἐμβόλους, of ships, to have their beaks bent back, Hdt.1.166; ἀποστραφῆναι ..τὼ πόδε to have one's feet twisted, Ar.Pax279; τρίχες ἀπεστραμμέναι closecurled, Arist.Phgn.809b26.

II. Med. and Pass., turn oneself from or away, ἀπεστραμμέναι ἀπ' ἀλλήλων Id.HA611a6; ἀπεστραμμένοι back to back, Apollod.Poliorc.145.2: esp.,

1. turn one's face away from, abandon, c. acc., Phoc.2, Sallust.3; ἐχθροῦ ἀξίωσιν Epicur. Fr.215; μή μ' ἀποστραφῇς S.OC1272; μή μ' ἀποστρέφου E.IT801, cf. Ar.Pax683, X.Cyr.5.5.36, PSIl.c.; τὸ θεῖον ῥᾳδίως ἀπεστράφης E. Supp.159: also c. gen., ἄψορρος οἴκων τῶνδ' ἀποστραφείς S.OT431: c. dat., ἀστεφανώτοισι ἀπυστρέφονται Sapph.78: abs., μὴ πρὸς θεῶν ..ἀποστραφῇς S.OT326; ἀπεστραμμένοι λόγοι hostile words, Hdt.7.160; τὴν διάνοιαν ἀποστ ρέφεσθαι to be alienated, Phld.Lib.p.80.

2. turn oneself about, X.Cyr.1.4.25; ἅρματα ἀπεστραμμένα ὥσπερ εἰς φυγήν ib.6.2.17; ἀποστραφῆναι λυγιζόμενος escape by wriggling, Pl.R. 405c.

3. ἀποστραφῆναί τινος fall off from one, desert him, X. HG4.8.4.