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ἀποτέμνω, Ep., Ion., and Dor. ἀποτελευτ-τάμνω, fut. -τεμῶ: aor. 2 Ion. and Dor. -έταμον, Att. -έτεμον:—
Pass., fut. ἀποτμηθήσομαι Lys.6.26: —
cut off, sever, παρηορίας ἀπέταμνε Il.8.87; ἀπὸ στομάχους ἀρνῶν τάμε 3.292, etc.; χρῶτ' ἀπὸ πάντα καὶ ἄρθρα τεμῶ χερί S.Ph.1207; τὴν κεφαλήν Hdt.2.39, cf. IG4.952.2 (Epid.); τὰ σκέλεα Hdt.2.40; τὴν ῥὶνα καὶ τὰ ὦτα Id.3.154, etc.; amputate, X.Mem.1.2.54, Hp.Art.69; excise, Id.Haem.2, cf. Dsc.Eup.1.12 (Pass.); decapitate, ἀλεκτρυόνα PMag.Par.1.38:—
Pass., to be cut off, τὰ ἀκρωτήρια ἀποτμηθήσεσθαι Lys.6.26; τὴν γλῶτταν ἀποτμηθείς Aeschin.1.168 (s. v.l.; ἐκτμ. Suid.); τὴν κεφαλήν Luc.Nav.33; τὸν τράχηλον Arr.Epict.1.2.27.

2. cut off, divide, sever, in a geographical sense, ὁ Ἅλυς ..ἀποτάμνει σχεδὸν πάντα τῆς Ἀσίης Hdt.1.72; ὄρεα ὑψηλὰ ἀ. [τὴν χώρην] Id.4.25: mathematically, ἥμισυ ..ἡ γραμμὴ ἀ. Pl.Men.85a, cf. Arist. Mech. 849a37:—
Med., Pl.Phlb.42b:—
Pass., of troops, to be cut off from the main body, X.An.3.4.29.

3. cut off, check, put an end to, τὰς μηχανάς Cratin.289 (s. v.l.).

4. cut off, separate in argument, Pl. Lg.753c:—
Med., Arist.Metaph.1003a24:—
Pass., to be so cut off or abstracted, Id.Ph.202b8.

5. ἀ. τὰ βαλλάντια to be a cut-purse, Pl. R.348d.

6. cut open, ἱερεῖον Plu.Cim.18.

b. ἀποτεμεῖν: ἁγνίσαι, Hsch.

II. Med., cut off for oneself, ἀποταμνόμενον κρέα ἔδμεναι Il. 22.347; ἀ. πλόκαμον Hdt.4.34; τὴν χώρην ἀ. τάφρον ὀρυξάμενοι ib.3; ἀ. τοῦ ὠτός cut off a bit of .., ib.71.

2. cut off, with a view of appropriating, πεντήκοντ' ἀγέλης ἀπετάμνετο ..βοῦς h.Merc.74; τὰς Θυρέας ἐούσας τῆς Ἀργολίδος μοίρης ἀποταμόμενοι ἔσχον Hdt.1.82; χώραν, ὀργάδα, Isoc.5.122, D.13.32, etc.(in Pass., of the coutry cut off, Hdt.1.82, etc.); ἀ. ὡς μέγιστα τῶν Ἀθηναίων cut off as much power as possible from them, Th.8.46: also c. gen., χώρας ἀποτάμνεσθαι cut off a part of .., SIG56.24 (Argos, v B.C.), cf. Isoc.1.88; Φοινίκης ἀ. Ἀραβίας τε to have a slice or portion of .., Theoc.17.86.

3. cut off from common use, consecrate, ὕλας Luc.Sacr.10.

4. subtend, of the chord of an arc, S.E.M.1.304.