Previous: ἀσφάλειοςNext: ἀσφαλίζω


ἀσφαλ-ής, ές, (σφάλλομαι, σφαλῆναι) not liable to fall, immovable, steadfast, in Hom. only once as Adj. (cf. infr. III), θεῶν ἕδος ἀ. αἰεί Od.6.42, cf. Hes.Th.128, Pi.N.6.3, Theoc.2.34, etc.; ἀσφαλῆ θεῶν νόμιμα S.Ant.454; unshaken, of purpose, ἀ. ὁ νοῦς Id.Fr.351.

2. of friends and the like , unfailing, trusty, οὐ γὰρ οἱ ..εὐρύνωτοι φῶτες ἀσφαλέστατοι Id.Aj.1251; ἀ. στρατηλάτης E.Ph.599, cf. Th.1.69: c. inf., φρονεῖν γὰρ οἱ ταχεῖς οὐκ ἀσφαλεῖς the hasty in counsel are not safe, S.OT617, cf. Pl.Sph.231a; σῴζειν τὰ κοινὰ πράγματ' ἀσφαλέσταται E.IT1062; of things, sure, certain, Th.4.108,etc.

3. assured from danger, safe, ἀ. αἰών Pi.P.3.86; ἀσφαλεῖ σὺν ἐξόδῳ S.OC1288; ἀ. ὄρος X.Lac.12.1; ὁδός -εστέρα Id.HG5.4.51; ἐν τῷ ἀσφαλεῖ in safety, Th.1.137, 8.39, cf. Pl.Lg.892e; ἐν ἀσφαλεῖ τοῦ μὴ παθεῖν X.Cyr.3.3.31; τοῦ λαλεῖν Men.Sam.25; ἐν -εστέρῳ, -εστάτῳ, X.Cyr.7.1.21, An.1.8.22; ἐν ἀ. βίου E.Hipp.785; μένειν ἐν τῷ ἀ. X. An.4.7.8; ἐξ ἀσφαλοῦς from a place of safety, Id.Eq.Mag.4.16; τοῦ ἀσφαλέος εἵνεκα Hdt.1.109; τὸ ἀ., = ἀσφάλεια, Th.6.55, etc.; μετὰ τοῦ αὑτῆς ἀ. with no risk to herself, Plot.4.8.7; ἀσφαλές [ἐστι], c. inf., it is safe to .., Hdt.3.75, E.Ph.891, Ar.Av.1489: abs., ἀλλ' οὐκ ἀσφαλές Pl.Phlb.61d, etc.; φεύγειν αὐτοῖς ἀσφαλέστερόν ἐστιν ἢ ἡμῖν X.An.3.2.19.

4. ἀ. ῥήτωρ a convincing speaker, Id.Mem.4.6.15.

5. in Lit. Crit., sound, not risky, of language or rhythm, Demetr.Eloc.19,41. Adv. -ῶς, ἐρεῖ ib.78.

II. Subst. ἀσφαλές, τό, = ἀσφάλεια 6, BGU984.14 (iv A. D.), etc.

III. Ep. Adv. ἀσφαλέως, ἔχειν, μένειν, to be, remain firm, steady, Il.23.325, Od.17.235: neut. ἀσφαλές as Adv., Il. (v. infr.); δρακεῖσ' ἀσφαλές Pi.P.2.20; ἀ. ἀγορεύει without faltering, Od.8.171, Hes.Th.86; ἔμπεδον ἀσφαλέως Il.13.141, Od.13.86; ἔμπεδον ἀσφαλὲς αἰεί Il.15.683. Adv. ἀσφαλῶς (-έως) is used in all senses of the Adj., -έως βεβηκὼς ποσσί Archil.58.4; in safety, with certainty, S.OT613; ἀ. βουλεύειν And.3.34; ἀ. ἔχει Hdt.1.86: c. inf., Lys.27.6; ἀ. προσθεῖναι as a precaution, Alex.Aphr. in Mete.14.10: Comp. -έστερον Hdt.2.161, Pl.Phd.85d; but -εστέρως Hp.Prorrh.2.15, Th.4.71: Sup. -έστατα Hp.Prorrh. 2.23, Pl.R.467e.