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ἀσθεν-ής, ές, without strength, weak,

1. in body, feeble, sickly, τοὺς ἀσθενέας τῆς στρατιῆς Hdt.4.135, cf. Hp.VM12; ἀσθενεῖ χρωτὶ βαίνων Pi.P.1.55, etc.; ὁ παντάπασιν ἀ. τῷ σώματι D.21.165; ἀ. περὶ τὸν ὀφθαλμόν Luc. Nigr.4; τοὺς ἀσθενεστάτους ἐς τὰς ταλαιπωρίας least able to bear hardship, Hdt.4.134; ἀσθενέστερος πόνον ἐνεγκεῖν too weak to .., D.23.54. Adv. ἀσθενῶς, ἴσχειν Pl.Lg.659e, cf. OGI751.8 (Amblada, ii B.C.).

2. in mind, and the like , τὸ ἀ. τῆς γνώμης the weakness, Th. 2.61.

3. in power, weak, feeble, ἀ. δύναμις Hdt.7.9.ά, cf. 1.58; τέχνη δ' ἀνάγκησ-εστέρα μακρῷ A.Pr.514; πόλιν ἑνὸσ-εστέραν S.OC 1033; εἰς ὠφέλειαν ἀ. D.Ep.2.15.

4. in property, weak, poor, οἱ χρήμασιν ἀσθενέστεροι Hdt.2.88: abs., ὅ τ' ἀ. ὁ πλούσιός τε E.Supp. 433; οἱ ἀσθενέστεροι the weaker sort, i.e. the poor, X.Cyr.8.1.30, cf. Lys.1.2.

5. insignificant, οὐκ ἀσθενέστατος σοφιστὴς Ἑλλήνων Hdt.4.95; paltry, ἀ. σόφισμα A.Pr.1011; of streams, petty, small, Hdt.2.25; of fluids, of small specific gravity, Id.3.23; ἐς ἀσθενὲς ἔρχεται comes to nothing, Id.1.120. Adv.-νῶς feebly, without energy, Pl. R.528b; on slight evidence, ἀπαγγέλλεσθαι Onos.Praef.: Comp. ἀσθενεστέρως, ἐπιθυμεῖν Pl.Phdr.255e; -έστερον Id.Chrm.172b; -έστερα Th.1.141.