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ab-dūco, xi, ctum, 3, v. a. (ABDOVCIT =abduit, in the epitaph of Scipio, Inscr. Orell. 550; perf. abduxti, Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 16; imper. abduce, id. Bacch. 4, 9, 108; id. Curc. 5, 3, 15; Ter. Ad. 3, 4, 36; id. Phorm. 2, 3, 63; but also abduc, id. Eun. 2, 3, 86), to lead one away, to take or bring with one, to carry off, take or bring away, remove, etc.

I. Lit.

A. In gen., of personal objects; constr. aliquem, ab, ex, de; in, ad: SVBIGIT. OMNE. LOVCANAM. OPSIDESQVE. ABDOVCIT (=subigit omnem Lucanam obsidesque abducit), epitaph of Scipio, 1. 1.: hominem P. Quinctii deprehendis in publico; conaris abducere, Cic. Quint. 19, 61: cohortes secum, Caes. B. C. 1, 15 med. al.: abduce me hinc ab hac, quantum potest, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 108: abductus a mari atque ab lis copiis, quas, etc.... frumento ac commeatu abstractus, Caes. B. C. 3, 78: tamquam eum, qui sit rhetori tradendus, abducendum protinus a grammaticis putem, Quint. 2, 1, 12: ut Hispanos omnes procul ab nomine Scipionis ex Hispania abduceret, Liv. 27, 20, 7: tu dux, tu comes es; tu nos abducis ab Histro. Ov. Tr. 4, 10, 119: ut collegam vi de foro abducerent, Liv. 2, 56, 15: sine certamine inde abductae legiones, id. 2, 22, 2: credo (illum) abductum in ganeum aliquo, Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 5: abduxi exercitum ad infestissimam Ciliciae partem, Cic. Fam. 2, 10, 3: ipsos in lautumias abduci imperabat, id. Verr. 2, 5, 56 fin.; so, liberos eorum in servitutem, Caes. B. G. 1, 11, 3: servum extra convivium, Sen. Contr. 4, 25. —Poet. with acc. only: tollite me, Teucri; quascumque abducite terras (= in terras), Verg. A. 3, 601. —

b. Of animals: donec (avem) in diversum abducat a nidis, Plin. 10, 33, 51 fin.

c. . Sometimes also of inanim. objects: clavem, to take away, Plaut. Cas. 5, 2, 8: pluteos ad alia opera, Caes. B. C. 2, 9: capita retro ab ictu, to draw back, Verg. A. 5, 428: togam a faucibus ac summo pectore, Quint. 11, 3, 145: aquam alicui (=deducere, defiectere), to divert, draw off, Dig. 39, 2, 26. —Poet.: somnos, to take away, deprive of, Ov. F. 5, 477.

B. In partic.

1. To take with one to dine: tum me convivam solum abducebat sibi, Ter. Eun. 3, 1, 17: advenientem ilico abduxi ad cenam, id. Heaut. 1, 2, 9 al.

2. To take aside (in mal. part.): aliquam in cubiculum, Plaut. Most. 3, 2, 7; so Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 13, 33; Suet. Aug. 69; Just. 21, 2 fin. al.

3. To carry away forcibly, to raxish, rob: ad quem iste deduxerat Tertiam, Isidori mimi flliam, vi abductam ab Rhodio tibicine, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 34; cf. id. ib. 2, 5, 31, 81; Verg. A. 7, 362: aliquam alicui (marito, etc.), Suet. Oth. 3; Dig. 47, 10, 1 al.: aliquam gremils, Verg. A. 10, 79. —So also of stolen cattle, to drive away: cujus (Geryonis) armenta liercules abduxerit, Plin. 4, 22, 36 fin.; so, abducta armenta, Ov. H. 16, 359.

4. In jurid. lang.: auferre et abducere, to take and drive away (auferre of inanlmate things, abducere of living beings, as slaves, cattle), Cic. Quint. 27, 84; Dig. 21, 2, 57, 1.

II. Trop.

A. In gen., to lead away, separate, distinguish: animum ad se ipsum advocamus, secum esse cogimus, maximeque a corpore abducimus, Cic. Tusc. 1, 31; so, aciem mentis a consuetudine oculorum, id. N. D. 2, 17: divinationem caute a conjecturis, id. Div. 2, 5, 13.

B. In partic.

1. To seduce, alienate from fidelity or allegiance: legiones a Bruto, Cic. Phil. 10, 3, 6: exercitum ab illo, id. ib. 10, 4, 9: equitatum a consule, id. ib. 11, 12, 27 al.

2. From a study, pursuit, duty, etc., to withdraw, draw off, hinder (syn.: avoco, averto): vos a vostris abduxi negotlis, Plaut. Rud. 1, 2, 1; cf.: a quo studio te abduci negotiis intellego, Cic. Fam. 4, 4, 5; and: abducuntur homines nonnumquam etiam ab institutis suis magnitudine pecuniae, id. Verr. 2, 4, 6, 12 (followed by ab humanitate deducere); so, aliquem a meretricio quaestu, id. Phil. 2, 18: aliquem a populorum rebus, id. Rep. 5, 2: ab isto officio incommodo, id. Lael. 2, 8 al.

3. To bring down, reduce, degrade (Ciceron.): ne ars tanta...a religionis auctoritate abduceretur ad mercedem atque quaestum, Cic. Div. 1, 41, 92; so, aliquem ad hanc hominum libidinem ac licentiam, id. Verr. 2, 3, 90, 210.