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αἴθω, only pres. and impf., light up, kindle, Hdt.4.145, A.Ag.1435; θεοῖς ἱερά S.Ph. 1033; λαμπάδας E.Rh.95; δάφναν Theoc.2.24, etc.; πυρά E.Rh.41,78,823: metaph., σέλας ὄμμασιν αἴθει AP12.93 (Rhian.); χόλον αἶθες ib.5.299 (Paul. Sil.).

2. rarely intr., burn, blaze, Pi.O.7.48; λαμπτῆρες οὐκέτ' ᾖθον S.Aj.286.

3. Pass., αἴθομαι, burn, blaze, Hom. always in part., πυρὸς μένος αἰθομένοιο Il. 6.182, cf. 8.563; αἰ. δαλός 13.320; δαί̈δες Od.7.101, cf. Pi. O.1.1, Pae. 6.97, E.Hipp.1279, etc.; after Hom. in other moods, αἴθεται κάλλιστα [τὰ ὀστέα] Hdt.4.61; αἰθέσθω δὲ πῦρ E.IA1470; δώματ' αἴθεσθαι δοκῶν Id.Ba.624, cf. X.An.6.3.19: metaph., ἔρωτι αἴθεσθαι X.Cyr.5.1.16, cf. AP12.83 (Mel.); αἴθετο ..ἔρως (Ep. impf.) burnt fiercely, A.R. 3.296. (Cf. Lat. aestas, aestus: the weak form of the root appears in ἰθαίνεσθαι, cf. Skt. inddhé 'kindles'.)