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αἰδώς, όος, contr. οῦς, η (late nom. pl. αἰδοί Sch.E.Hipp.386), as a moral feeling, reverence, awe, respect for the feeling or opinion of others or for one's own conscience, and so shame, self-respect (in full ἑαυτοῦ αἰδώς Hierocl.in CA9p.433M.), sense of honour, αἰδῶ θέσθ' ἐνὶ θυμῷ Il.15.561; ἴσχε γὰρ αἰ. καὶ δέος ib.657, cf. Sapph.28, Democr. 179, etc.; αἰ. σωφροσύνης πλεῖστον μετέχει, αἰσχύνης δὲ εὐψυχία Th. 1.84, cf. E.Supp.911, Arist.EN1108a32, etc.; αἰδοῖ μειλιχίῃ Od.8.172; so ἀλλά με κωλύει αἴδως Alc.55 (Sapphus est versus); ἅμα κιθῶνι ἐκδυομένῳ συνεκδύεται καὶ τὴν αἰδῶ γυνή Hdt.1.8; δακρύων πένθιμον αἰδῶ tears of grief and shame, A.Supp.579; αἰ. τίς μ' ἔχει Pl. Sph.217d; αἰ. καὶ δίκη Id.Prt.322c; αἰδοῦς ἐμπίπλασθαι X.Cyr.1.4.4; sobriety, moderation, Pi.O.13.115; αἰδῶ λαβεῖν S.Aj.345.

2. regard for others, respect, reverence, αἰδοῦς οὐδεμιῆς ἔτυχον Thgn.1266, cf. E.Heracl.460; αἰ. τοκέων respect for them, Pi.P.4.218; τὴν ἐμὴν αἰδῶ respect for me, A.Pers.699; regard for friends, αἰδοῦς ἀχαλκεύτοισιν ἔζευκται πέδαις E.Fr.595; esp. regard for the helpless, compassion, αἰδοῦς κῦρσαι S.OC247; forgiveness, Antipho 1.26, Pl.Lg. 867e (cf. αἰδέομαι 11.2).

II. that which causes shame or respect, and so,

1. shame, scandal, αἰδώς, Ἀργεῖοι, κάκ' ἐλέγχεα Il.5.787, etc.; αἰδώς, ὦ Λύκιοι: πόσε φεύγετε; 16.422; αἰδὼς μὲν νῦν ἥδε .. 17.336.

2. = τὰ αἰδοῖα, Il.2.262, Arat.493, D.H.7.72.

3. dignity, majesty αἰ. καὶ χάρις h.Cer.214.

III. Αἰδώς personified, Reverence, Pi.O.7.44; Mercy, Ζηνὶ σύνθακος θρόνων Αἰ. S.OC1268, cf. Paus. 1.17.1; παρθένος Αἰδοῦς Δίκη λέγεται Pl.Lg.943e.