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αἰσχύνω [ῡ]: Ion. impf. αἰσχύνεσκε (κατ-) Q.S.14.531: fut. -ῠνῶ E. Hipp.719, Ion. -υνέω Hdt.9.53: aor. ᾔσχῡνα Il.23.571, Lys.1.4, etc.: pf. ἤ̔σχυγκα D.C. 58.16:—
Pass., fut. αἰσχῠνοῦμαι A.Ag.856, Ar.Fr. 200, Pl. Ti.49d, etc., rarely αἰσχυνθήσομαι (v. sub fin.): aor. ᾐσχύνθην Hdt. and Att., poet. inf. αἰσχυνθῆμεν Pi.N.9.27: pf. ᾔσχυμμαι (v. infr. B. I):—
make ugly, disfigure, πρόσωπον, κόμην, Il.18.24, 27, cf. S.Ant.529; αἰ. τὸν ἵππον give the horse a bad form, X.Eq.1.12.

2. mostly in moral sense, dishonour, tarnish, μηδὲ γένος πατέρων αἰσχυνέμεν Il.6.209, cf. 23.57�;; τὴν Σπάρτην Hdt.9.53; ξενίαν τράπεζαν A.Ag.401; τοὺς πρὸς αἵματος S.Aj.1305; τοὺς πατέρας Pl.Mx. 246d.

b. esp. dishonour a woman, E.El.44, cf. Plu.Marc.19, etc.; εὐνήν A.Ag.1626; εἰς τὸ σῶμα αἰ. Arist.Pol.1311b7; abs., Foed. Delph.Pell.2A 12.

3. disdain, ἐπιχώρια Pi.P.3.22.

B. Pass., to be dishonoured, νέκυς ἠ̔σχυμμένος, of Patroclus, Il. 18.180.

II. to be ashamed, feel shame, abs., Od.7.305, 18.12, Hdt.1.10, E.Hipp.1291.

2. more commonly, to be ashamed at a thing, c. acc. rei, αἰσχυνόμενοι φάτιν ἀνδρῶν Od.21.323; τὴν δυσγένειαν τὴν ἐμὴν αἰ. S.OT1079: c. dat. rei, Ar.Nu.992, Lys.3.9, D.4.42, etc.; αἰ. ἐπί τινι X.Mem.2.2.8; ἔν τινι Th.2.43; ὑπέρ τινος Lys.14.39; περί τινος 33.6. etc.

b. c. part., to be ashamed at doing a thing (which one does), A.Pr.642 (v.l.), S.Ant.540, Ar.Fr.200, Pl.Grg. 494e, etc.

c. c. inf., to be ashamed to do a thing (and therefore not to do it), Hdt.1.82, A.Ag.856, Ch.917, Pl.R.414e, Phdr.257d, etc.; though this condition must not be pressed absolutely, cf. Ap. 22b.

d. foll. by relat. clause, αἰσχύνεσθαι εἰ .. to be ashamed that .., S.El.254, And.4.42; ἐάν .. X.Oec.21.4; μὴ .. Pl.Tht.183e, cf. Machoap.Ath.13.579f; ὅτι .. Lys.2.23.

3. c. acc. pers., to feel shame before one, E.Ion934, 1074, Pherecr.23.6, Pl.Smp.216b; τοὺς γέροντας (at Sparta) Aeschin.1.180; ὅστις γὰρ αὐτὸς αὑτὸν οὐκ αἰσχύνεται, πῶστόν γε μηδὲν εἰδότ' αἰσχυνθήσεται; Philem.229, cf. Gal. 5.26: c. acc. et inf., E.Hel.415; ᾑσχύνθημεν θεοὺς ..προδοῦναι αὐτόν X.An.2.3.22; αἰσχύνομαι ὑμᾶς λέγειν D.40.48; αἰ. πρός τινα Arist.Rh. 1383b12.