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as-sĭdĕo (ads-, Fleck., Kayser, Rib., Merk., Halm, Weissenb.; both, K. and H.), sēdi, sessum, 2, v. n. [sedeo], to sit by or near a person or thing (syn. assido).

I. Lit.

A. In gen.: qui apud carbones adsident, Plaut. Rud. 2, 6, 48: in Tiburti forte adsedimus ego et Marcus filius, Cic. de Or. 2, 55, 224: non adsidens et attente audiens, id. Brut. 55, 200.—

B. Esp.

1. To sit, stand, or be at one's side, as attendant, aid, protector; absol. or with dat.: cum lacrimans in carcere mater noctes diesque adsideret, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 43: principes Macedoniae hujus (Plancii) periculo commoti huic adsident, pro hoc laborant, id. Planc. 11 fin.: cum Pompeius P. Lentulo consuli frequens adsideret, id. Pis. 32, 80: qui (nobilium adulescentes) ibi adsidebant, Liv. 9, 46, 9: Ut assidens inplumibus pullis avis Serpentium adlapsus timet, Hor. Epod. 1, 19: adsidens foribus, Vulg. Sap. 6, 15; ib. 1 Macc. 11, 40; ib. Act. 26, 30.—Hence, in judic. lang., t. t., to aid, assist one in the office of judge, to be an assessor (cf. assessor): rarus in tribunali Caesaris Piso, et si quando adsideret, atrox ac dissentire manifestus, Tac. A. 2, 57; Dig. 1, 22, 2; 1, 22, 3; 1, 22, 6 al.

2. Of the sick, to attend upon, take care of: adsidet aegrae, Ov. H. 20, 137: Adsidet una soror, Prop. 5, 3, 41: si alius casus lecto te adflixit, habes qui Adsideat, fomenta paret, medicum roget, etc., Hor. S. 1, 1, 82; Plin. Ep. 7, 19: adsidente amantissimā uxore, Tac. Agr. 45: adsidere valetudini, id. ib.

3. To be busily, assiduously engaged about a thing: litteris, Plin. Ep. 3, 5, 19: gubernaculis, to attend to, to mind, id. Pan. 81 fin.

II. Transf.

A. Of a place, to station one's self before; and more freq. in a hostile sense, to be encamped before, sit down before, besiege, blockade; constr. with dat. or acc.; also pass.: adsidere sepultae urbis ruinis, Tac. H. 3, 35: prope moenia Romana adsidere, Liv. 26, 22: moenibus adsidet hostis, Verg. Cir. 267; Liv. 23, 19; 21, 25; Curt. 4, 3; Tac. H. 2, 22 al.: cum muros adsidet hostis, Verg. A. 11, 304: adsidendo castellum, Tac. A. 6, 43: arces, Sil. 9, 623: adsidebat oppugnabatque oppidum, Gell. 7, 1, 8: Amisumque adsideri audiebat, Sall. H. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 830 P. (IV. 8 Gerl.): adsessos Capuae muros, Sil. 12, 453.—

B. Poet., to be near one in qualities, i. e. to be like, to resemble (in prose, instead of it, accedo; opp. dissideo, q. v.): parcus Adsidet insano, Hor. Ep. 1, 5, 14 (sedet stulto proximus eique simillimus est, Crucq.; cf. in Gr. ἐγγὺς εἶναί τινι.—Acc. to Schmid the figure is drawn from the sitting together of similar classes in the theatre).