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αὐτο-κράτωρ [ᾰ], ορος, ὁ, ἡ, (κρᾰτέω) one's own master: hence,

1. of persons or states, free, independent, Th.4.63, IG12 (9).189.44, etc.: of a youth that has come of age, X.Mem.2.1.21.

2. of ambassadors and commissioners, possessing full powers, plenipotentiary, αὐτοκράτορά τινα ἑλέσθαι Ar.Pax 359; αὐ. ἥκομεν Id.Av.1595; πρεσβευτής Lys.13.9; ξυγγραφεῖς Th.8.67; αὐ. βουλή And.1.15; ἀποδεῖξαι ἄνδρας ἀρχὴν αὐτοκράτορας, opp. a reference to the assembly, Th.5.27.

3. of rulers, absolute, στρατηγοί Id.6.72; ἄρχων X. An.6.1.21; ἀνυπεύθυνος καὶ αὐ. ἄρχειν Pl.Lg.875b, cf. Plt.299c; τὸ πᾶν αὐ. διαθεῖναι manage all at their pleasure, Th.1.126; ἦρχε τῶν ἀκολουθούντων αὐτὸς αὐτοκράτωρ, of Philip, D.18.235; μόναρχοι Arist.Pol. 1295a12; στρατηγία ib.1285a8 (dub.); νοῦς αὐ. (cf. αὐτοκρατής) Anaxag. ap.Pl.Cra.413c: hence, = Lat.Dictator, Plb.3.86.7, etc.; = Imperator, Plu.Pomp.8; of the Emperor, Id.Galb.1, etc.

4. αὐ. λογισμός peremptory reasoning, Th.4.108.

II. c. gen., complete master of .., πόλις οὐκ αὐ. οὖσα ἑαυτῆς Id.3.62; τῆς τύχης Id.4.64; τῆς αὑτοῦ πορείας Pl.Plt.274a; τῆς ἐπιορκίας αὐ. having full liberty to swear falsely, D.17.12: c. inf., αὐ. κολάσαι having full power to punish, Id.59.80.