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βάθος [ᾰ], εος, τό, (βαθύς) depth or height, acc. as measured up or down, Ταρτάρου βάθη A.Pr.1029; αἰθέρος βάθος E.Med.1297, cf. Ar. Av.1715; βάθους μετέχειν to be a solid, possessing depth as well as length and breadth, Pl.R.528b; εἴτ' ἐν βάθεσιν εἴτ' ἐν τάχεσιν Id.Plt. 299e; βάθους αὔξη Id.R.528d; opp. μῆκος, πλάτος, Arist.Ph.209a5; μεγέθους τὸ ἐπὶ τρία [συνεχὲς] β. Id.Metaph.1020a12: with Preps., ἐκ βάθεος in depth, Hdt.1.186; ἐκ βάθους through and through, Plot. 5.8.10; εἰς βάθος Arist.Mete.386a23, al.; ἐν βάθει Id.Sens.440a14, etc.; κατὰ βάθους Id.Mete.339b12; κατὰ βάθος in a descending scale, metaph. of causation, Dam.Pr.95: freq. in military sense, depth of a line of battle, X.HG3.4.13, etc.; ἐπὶ βάθος τάσσεσθαι in depth of line, Th.5.68; ἐς β. ἐκτάξαι Arr.An.1.2.4; β. τριχῶν, of long thick hair, Hdt.5.9; ἄτομα πώγωνος βάθη Ephipp.14.7; interior of a country, Str.3.3.7, al.; depth, of perspective in a picture, Procop.Gaz.Ecphr. p.157 B.: pl., βάθη depths, Pl.Ti.44d, etc.; deep water, opp. shallows near shore, LXXPs.68(69).2, al., Ev.Luc.5.4; ἐν τοῖς βάθεσιν Arist. HA599b9.

b. Astron., = ταπείνωμα, Vett.Val.241.26.

2. metaph., κακῶν ὁρῶν β. A.Pers.465; ἢ μακροῦ πλούτου βάθει S.Aj.130, cf. Ep.Rom.11.33; β. ἡγεμονίας Plu.Pomp.53; depth of mind, β. τι ἔχειν γενναῖον, of Parmenides, Pl.Tht.184a; ἐν βάθει πόσιος deep in drink, Theoc.14.29; β. καρδίας ἀνθρώπου LXXJu.8.14; τὰ β. τοῦ θεοῦ, τοῦ Σατανᾶ, 1 Ep.Cor.2.10, Apoc.2.24.

3. of lit. style, bathos, ὕψους ἢ β. Longin.2.1. (Substituted for βένθος under the influence of βαθύς.)