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barbātus, a, um, adj. [barba].

I. Having a beard, bearded.

A. Of men: dicere licebit Jovem semper barbatum, Apollinem semper imberbem, Cic. N. D. 1, 30, 83; 1, 36, 100: quos aut imberbes aut bene barbatos videtis, id. Cat. 2, 10, 22.—Poet. as a designation of age, Plaut. Cas. 2, 8, 25: equitare in harundine longā, Si quem delectet barbatum, i. e. an adult, Hor. S. 2, 3, 249: sub Jove, sed Jove nondum barbato, i. e. in the earliest time, when Jupiter was yet young, Juv. 6, 16; 13, 56.—Hence,

2. Meton.

a. For a Roman of the olden time (in which the beard was not shaved, v. barba): aliquis mihi ab inferis excitandus est ex barbatis illis, non hac barbulā, sed illā horridā, quam in statuis antiquis et imaginibus videmus, Cic. Cael. 14, 33: unus aliquis ex barbatis illis, exemplum imperii veteris, imago antiquitatis, etc., id. Sest 8, 19: haec jam tum apud illos barbatos ridicula, credo, videbantur, id. Mur. 12, 26; id. Fin. 4, 23, 62: hic mos jam apud illos antiquos et barbatos fuit, id. Fragm. Or. II. pro Cornel. 18; Juv. 4, 103.—

b. A philosopher (since they wore long beards), Pers. 4, 1; Juv. 14, 12; cf. Hor. S. 1, 3, 133; and as subst. barbatus nudus, Mart. 14, 81.—

B. Of animals, fishes, etc., bearded: hirculus, Cat. 19, 16; also absol. barbatus, a goat, Phaedr. 4, 9, 10: mulli, Cic. Att. 2, 1, 7 (cf. id. Par. 5, 2, 28, and Plin. 9, 17, 30, 64): aquila, a species of eagle, also called ossifraga, Plin. 10, 3, 3, 11.—

II. Transf.

A. Of plants (cf. barba, II. A.), woolly, downy: nux, Plin. 19, 1, 2, 14.—

B. Of other things: ne toga barbatos faciat vel paenula libros, i. e. wear out, make bearded, Mart. 14, 84.—

C. A cognomen of Lucius Corn. Scipio, Inscr.