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castīgātĭo, ōnis, f. [castigo], a correcting, chastising, punishment, correction, etc. (in good prose).

A. Lit.

1. In gen., of blows. etc. (rare, and always with gen.: fustium, Dig. 1, 15, 3: flagellorum, ib. 48, 19, 7.—

2. Of verbal chastisement, reproof, etc. (class. and freq.): omnis et animad. versio et castigatio contumeliā vacare debet, Cic. Off. 1, 25, 88; cf. id. ib. 1, 38, 137: admonitio frequens, interdum et castigatio, vindicta rarissima, Vell. 2, 114, 3; Quint. 1, 3, 14; 3, 8, 54: tacita, Liv. 27, 10, 10; Sen. Ira, 1, 6, 1; 1, 15, 1; 2, 27, 3; id. Ep. 94, 36: censoria, Plin. 18, 6, 7, 32; Vulg. Psa. 72, 14.—In plur., Cic. Tusc. 4, 20, 45; Liv. 31, 46, 11 al.—With gen.: verborum, Liv. 27, 15, 2.—

B. Transf., in gardening, a trimming, lopping of plants, Plin. 17, 22, 35, 173.—Of the exposure of their roots to the cold, Plin. 17, 28, 47, 262.—

II. Trop.: loquendi, the tempering, moderating of the speech, Macr. S. 2, 4, 12.