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castīgo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [castum-ago, as purgo = purum-ago], to set right by word or deed, to correct, chastise, punish; to blame, reprove, chide, censure, find fault with (syn.: animadvertere, punire; more forcible than reprehendere and vituperare; weaker than culpare; class. in prose and poetry): pueros non verbis solum, sed etiam verberibus, Cic. Tusc. 3, 27, 64; so, verberibus, Plin. 8, 3, 3, 6; cf. Liv. 26, 27, 8; Curt. 8, 6, 5: magnā clade, Liv. 39, 1, 4: baculo, Front. Strat. 1, 1, 3: quo saepius (magister) monuerit, hoc rarius castigabit, Quint. 2, 2, 5: laudat Pompeius... segniores castigat atque incitat, Caes. B. C. 1, 3; so opp. laudare, Liv. 27, 8, 18; Tac. Agr. 21: castigando increpandoque plus quam leniter agendo, proficere, Liv. 27, 9, 8: servos exuviis bubulis, Plaut. Most. 4, 1, 26: aliquem dictis plurumis, id. Bacch. 4, 8, 67; Verg. A. 5, 387: verbis, Cic. Off. 1, 25, 88; Liv. 36, 20, 4: litteris, Caes. B. C. 3, 25: per litteras, Tac. A. 3, 35: leniter, Liv. 30, 15, 10; 36, 31, 8: vehementissime, Petr. 109, 1: in hoc me ipse castigo quod, etc., Cic. Tusc. 5, 1, 4: segnitiem hominum atque inertiam, id. de Or. 1, 41, 184; Liv. 31, 6, 5: nimiam lenitatem, id. 39, 55, 1: moras, Verg. A. 4, 407: dolos, id. ib. 6, 567: vitia, Juv. 2, 35; Vulg. Psa. 117, 18; id. Heb. 12, 6 al.

II. Esp.

A. To correct some error, to set right, mend (poet. or in post-Aug. prose) ( = corrigere, emendare): carmen, Hor. A. P. 294: amicae verba, Juv. 6, 455: examen improbum in trutină, Pers. 1, 6: vitia sua, Plin. Pan. 46, 6.—

B. To hold in check, to restrain; lit. and trop. (rare for the more usu. coërcere, cohibere, etc.): quid illum credis facturum, nisi eum ... servas, castigas, mones? Ter. Heaut. 3, 3, 31: equum tenacem, non parentem frenis asperioribus castigare, Liv. 39, 25, 13; Tac. A. 6, 13: castigatus animi dolor, Cic. Tusc. 2, 21, 50: risum crebris potiunculis, Petr. 47, 7: lapsus, Stat. Th. 6, 700; cf. under P. a.—Hence,

b. Of relations of space, to enclose, surround, encompass, confine, shut in: insula castigatur aquis, Sil. 12, 355.— Hence, castīgātus, a, um, P. a. (poet. or in post-Aug. prose), confined, compressed; hence,

1. As a designation of physical beauty, small, slender, close: pectus, Ov. Am. 1, 5, 21: frons, Stat. S. 2, 1, 43.—

2. Trop., restrained, checked: luxuria tanto castigatior, quanto posset esse liberior, Aug. Civ. Dei, 5, 24: castigatissima disciplina, the strictest, Gell. 4, 20, 1 Hertz (Cod. Reg. castissima).—Adv.: castīgātē.

a. (Acc. to castigatus, 1.) Compressedly, briefly: castigatius, Macr. Somn. Scip. 1, 6: castigatius eloqui, Aug. Doctr. Christ. 4, 14.—

b. (Acc. to 2.) Restrainedly, within bounds: vixit modeste, castigate, etc., Sen. Contr. 6, 8: vivere, Amm. 22, 3, 12.